Verse 6 Names. Lo-Ruhamah (devoid of mercy). Indicated God would have no mercy on them.
Children at least 5 years old when weaned (verse 8)
Lo-Ammi (not my people). Hosea 2:16.
Baali (lord).
Ishi (husband).
Verse 1 Ammi; Ruhamah. "Say unto your brethren that you are My People (Ammi). Ruharaah means
people who have obtained mercy. When you put lo in prefix to these words it means the opposite—not my people; have not obtained mercy. You should have a knowledge to know why you believe—It's easy then.
Verse 2 "...and one and a half homer of barley..." A homer is equal to 36 gallons. They pay in silver
for anything that is despised. Payment in gold is higher prized, it is for something important and of value.
In the East the last piece of silver is called four honors. It used to be two honors. Two honors is only
one-eighth of a rupee and a rupee is only one-fifth of a dollar or 20¢. Therefore, fifteen pieces of silver is
not worth much. It is the smallest denomination. You can get a bushel full of barley for 10¢. Cakes of
barley are given to the cows and most of the Hindu people don't eat barley. They make some kind of
broth out of it, but it is looked upon is an animal's food. If you call a man barley cake you are despising
him. Barley cake is like unto something that is not much good, not much value. Silver is always the least
denominator of money in the East. There are two honors, four honors, eight honors, and one rupee, these
are all silver. A rupee is the highest coin in India. Two honors is one-eighth of a rupee. That is nothing
much at all. Their labor and prices are cheap.
Verse 6 Lack of knowledge. General statement found in all religions and philosophies. People are
fearful, afraid, worried, anxious, and have every agony that they suffer because they do not realize who
they are in relation to God. When they realize and know who they are, they wake up from their misery.
Example: Prodigal son was in a mess. When he remembered who he was and what he had left, he
returned to his father's house and received all the benefits.
We must all realize and remember all that we are and have as God's children because of the new
birth and holy spirit in us. We must become aware by knowledge and receive all the benefits of God's
power in us, also health, prosperity, abundant life in every way. Do not be blind to our status and heritage
in God. Old things are passed away and all things are new because of our awareness (knowledge). Job
said. ''Acquaint now thyself with Him, and be at peace." (Job 22:21) "Ye shall know the truth, and the
truth shall make you free." (John 3:32). Eliminate negative thoughts by saying the Word to yourself.
The words will become real and the mind will say. "Yes sir. Yes sir." Your mind must say that you are
boss to it.
Verse 8 Eat sin of my people. How can you eat sin? "The people who eat of the flesh of animals which
are offered for sin." Sanscript translation. People who want forgiveness will bring a lamb to the temple.
They wash the lamb with holy water. The man who is offering the lamb puts his hand on the head of the
lamb. This is how he lays all his sin on the lamb. This is symbolic. Then they kill the lamb. That's why
the Lord says, "He hath laid the iniquity of us all upon His Son." Just as you lay your hand on the lamb
that is sacrificed for sin, God hath laid all our sins on His blessed Son Jesus Christ, who bore bleeding
wounds to save you and me. He came to be wounded for our transgressions; co be bruised for our sins.
Upon Him the chastisement of our peace was laid upon Him. He was one sacrifice for all. The man puts
his hand on the Lamb then kills it. And, then, the people round about eat that meat. A man who eats the
flesh of a sacrificed animal is said to have eaten of the sin of my people. They don't eat sin they eat the flesh.
"They set their heart on iniquity." It means because they like the flesh of animals offered for sin they
like to see the people eat more that they may sin more. God is saying, "My people are becoming so
greedy, they've lost their own conscience. They're encouraging the people to commit more sin in order
that they may eat the flesh of those animals sacrificed for sin."
Verse 12 "Stocks" are idols made of wood. In this case "staff" means authority, power, strength.
Beside the idol is a staff that is symbolic of the idol's authority and the idol is supposed to speak through
the staff. On festival days they let one of the religious people bathe and give him this staff beside the
idol. Then they beat drums, sing and dance around him and as he stands there, the spirit is supposed to
come upon him. He is supposed to be the idols servant holding the authority of the idol in his hands.
They look to this man to see what the idol is going to say in answer to their prayer. They know the idol
can't speak but through this staff he can. Suppose they have lost something, they call upon the priest and
beat the drums and get the man with the staff to say what was stolen. Then when this man gets the spirit
of the idol he goes and shows with his staff who stole it. That man will follow him and crowds will
follow him and this man will go and put his staff where the stolen property is. That is one of the things
they do in order that thieving may not happen in the East. Nobody steals another's property because they
are afraid of the staff. It should read "...and they expect that their staff shall declare the answer."
(II Kings 4:29; Isaiah 40:30,31). Stocks is idols made of wood. Every idol has a staff in his hand.
Staff stands for authority. e.g. II Kings 4:29. Our authority is the Word. The heathens look to their staff
for the answer. Anything that is not faith in Christ is an idol—anything that interferes with the love of
God (e.g. bad habits). Bishop says if you don't give up habits you aren't really saved. You must abandon
yourself like eagles who dive into water to lose their feathers. Thousands do it all at one season. They
must lose old feathers first, then they get new ones and they can run and not be weary (Isaiah 40:30,31).
Idol worship applies to church members too.
Whoredoms. Whoredoms—other gods that are worshipped. Staff & stocks—(same thing), made of
wood, 4 or 5 feet long, thick as wrist, polished for beauty, put in hole in a place, burn incense and play
minstrel by priest whenever they want stocks to give them an answer. Idol worship, evil spirits.
Example: If they wanted to find out who stole some gems, they would line several men together and
water would be poured over them from head to foot, bathing them with their clothes on. The "spirit of the
Lord" was supposed to come on one of them. He goes to stock and moves it. The staff pulled him by the
spirit (evil) to the jewels' hiding place or to the person who stole them. "Inspired'" by playing of minstrel.
Staff circles the man who stole or the stolen object, leading the man holding it. God does not sanction
this action. Staff also finds lost people, etc. The people were going to the devil to solve their problems
rather than to God.
Verse 13 Spouses means daughters-in-law here. Some places it means wife—depends on context.
Whoredom & adultery is spiritual, worshipping other gods. If there is a drought or plague the people
(often women) get together and set up altars under trees and on mountains to worship pagan gods. It's not
a moral whoredom but spiritual. Look to context whenever you read about adultery. When we put
something material ahead of our love for Christ is adultery. A harlot or harlotry means the same thing.
Sometimes—divided loyalty.
Verse l6 (II Corinthians 6:14, Acts 26:14). A heifer is a young cow which has not been calved. Very
seldom is it put to the yoke for plowing. It is illegal to put it by the side of a bull for plowing. But if a
man is poor and only has one bull and he can't plow with just one, he will use a heifer even though it is
illegal. II Corinthians 6:14, one pulls one way and one another. A Christian who is born again, lost his
old feathers and is walking, must marry a woman like that. The heifer refuses to bear the yoke and thinks.
"My neck will be broken; if I give in they'll have me for life: I better dodge it now." The farmer hooks
her up and ties a rope to her horn and stands behind her with a goad. She kicks at it and gets pricked
more. (Acts 26:14). Then the heifer begins foaming and breathing heavy. It's afraid to go forward. It
gets beaten and falls down. Christians are afraid to walk with Jesus and look horrible from the beating.
Jesus Christ said my yoke is light. Israel was afraid, like they were afraid to go into the promised land.
Pagans must do horrible things—hurt their bodies, etc., in their worship. The yoke of Christ is easy.
Hosea 4:16b The lambs of the first year are fed near home. After that they go out in the wilderness and
wander here and there finding grass. There are lots of dangers, etc.
"backsliding heifer" cause—Israel slideth back... effect—now the Lord will feed them as a lamb...
In the east the majority of the people live by cultivation. In the west majority live by industry and
business. Easterners cultivate their own land, Almost everyone has their own piece of land. A man
without land is a pauper.
Backsliding heifer. The yoke is made of wood and fits on the back of the neck of the oxen. A
leather strap goes around under the neck.
Backsliding heifer. The plowing is done by oxen or buffalo or donkies and not many horses. If a
man has only one ox he needs another for plowing. You cannot use an ox and a buffalo for plowing. You
must have 2 buffalo or 2 oxen—not mixed. That's what Paul meant, "Be not unequally yoked together (II Cor. 6:14).
III. They will pull separate ways. That's one reason marriages don't work—believers marry nonbelievers.
Christians are to marry Christians.
It was very hard for poor people could only afford one ox. The law says you're not to be unequally
yoked together. He must find another ox, otherwise he couldn't plough. What he will usually do if he has
a heifer is to match the ox with the heifer. A heifer means a cow which has not been cowed. When these
two are put together and the farmer begins plowing the heifer will not go. The plowman will prick the
heifer with a goad; they'll pull the heifer with a rope. The ox will go forward, but the heifer won't go. He
falls down and pretends to die. The heifer is afraid that if it carries the yoke it'll break it's neck. The
heifer wants to dodge in the first instance. The farmer will get discouraged and let her go. It takes a week
or two for the heifer to get ready for the yoke.
You can see what God meant about Israel now. They refused to bear the yoke for fear. They
thought if they refused to bear the yoke they wouldn't bother them.
How did Israel slide back as a backsliding heifer? God gave Israel a good land to possess it and the
leaders of the Israelites sent spies to go look over the land. They saw that it was a good land, but also saw
the giants in the land (Anakins—giants). They said the land was beautiful but they were afraid to go
because of the giants. The women folk began to cry all night because of fear. This report made Israel not
to go. They backslid like the heifer—reason being: fear. They overestimated the giants with their
physical eyes and underestimated the power of God who brought them out of Egypt. The same God who
opened the Red Sea and brought the water out of the rock—they forgot God's greatness (Numbers 13)
The same thing happens to us today.
Jesus said. "Take my yoke upon you and learn of me." Matt. 11:29. "For my yoke is easy and my
burden is light"—Matt. 11:30. Before the heifer carries the yoke, he is afraid of it. He thinks it is too
heavy. We are afraid of the yoke or we would go forward. The Word tells us to do certain things, but we
won't do them because we're afraid it will hurt us. Fear keeps God's people from bearing the yoke of
Jesus. His yoke (His commandments) are light, easy to bear. We don't even want to try it—just like the
heifer. We try to shake it off. Fear is the believers only enemy. People are always afraid of what they
could lose. "God may be true, but I don't want to try anyway"—our attitude.
Israel was afraid because they looked at the giants and not at their God. We look on encompassing
circumstances rather than at the truth of God's Word. We should look to God's hand. ''My hand is not
shortened that it cannot save.'' (Isaiah 59:1).
God is able to overcome any giant in our life. We must step out on the land and God will fight our
battles. We need only act on God's Word. That moment we'll realize His Word is truth.
Israel refused to go with God, slid back. Fear keeps us from going with God. Lord will feed them as
a lamb in a large place (these are above 1 year of age.) Sheepfolds—male lambs of 1st year are in 1 fold.
Female lambs of 1st year in another fold. Lambs above 1 year are looked upon as…in still another fold.
The first year lambs, male and female are taken care of near the shepherd's home—they prepare special
grass for them, remove all the thorns and thistles. The shepherd's children take care of them. They eat
the grass and drink the water—everything is taken care of. These lambs of 1 year are used for the
Passover—shall have no bruise or blemish on them. That's why they're so well cared for. These are
secure, no lack, no drought, no fear—everything is just right for them.
After the 1st year, they are looked upon as sheep—they have to go 2-3 miles everyday for grass.
They have to wander and look for water and grass. And when they may fall in a pit and break their neck
or be eaten by a tiger—All these fears confront them. There is no longer any certainty. Large place—a
place where there may not be water, food—maybe danger, tiger, lions—because we refuse to walk with
Christ and bear His yoke and do His will, we are as a lamb in a large place (this wicked world)—where
there is no peace, certainty, surety, freedom. Christ would lead us as lambs of the first year into green
pastures and water.
Heifer backslide. How does a heifer backslide? In the East one cannot yoke a buffalo with anything
other than a buffalo. Must be the same animal (II Cor. 6:14); just like Christian marriage. Marry
Christians. They are not the same in any manner.
Many poor people in the East do not have two oxen and he must plow with one. He, therefore, goes
against the law and puts a heifer next to his ox. As he places the yoke on, the heifer stops and tries to
shake off the yoke; he refuses to move in spite of pricking. Without the yoke, the heifer will run. With it,
he pretends he is helpless and weak. This is what most "Christians'' today do with tithing—dodging the
yoke. Heifer does not want to go forward, because he thinks if I go forward and carry the yoke the first
time, my neck will be broken and if I dodge it first, he will let me go. This is why Israel backslid, like the
heifer. Matthew 11:29,30. (Bishop said he bore the yoke of the Hindu religion, the hardest there is.
Yoke is anything your religion, priest, father, tradition tell you to do. He had to go to the temple, lie
down on a bed of spikes with bare bodies, and pray. That's a yoke of Hindu religion. Heavy one too.
Matt. 11:28, "Come unto me, all ye that are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.'' He mentions other
bondages of Hindus.)
The easiest thing is to obey Jesus Christ. We are like heifers. We refuse to bear the yoke of Jesus
Christ because we imagine it is heavy yoke. But Jesus said, "...my yoke is easy and my burden is light."
It is nothing compared to the yoke of other religions. Israel, the more she refuses to go, the more pricks
she gets, the more she swells; the more Christians refuse to bear the yoke of Jesus, the more we suffer.
The sheep are not put together with lambs of the first year. They get special attention: special grass,
water, no other animals are near, no thorns are near, clean the land of stones and thorns. Give them a
pond, grazing land near home. The sheep graze at the jungles (?), without proper water, without proper
food, no certainty of distance needed to travel. But the first year lambs nearer home, plenty to eat and
drink, plenty of security surrounds them: this is the lamb—type chosen for Passover. (a male of the first
year without blemish, bruises—that's why there can be no stones and rocks where the lambs walk during
first year). The rest of the lambs, not chosen for Passover, go into the wilderness. God says, because you
have refused to walk with God, and have compromised every step for fear, and have not done those things
which you have promised to Christ, you not only suffer the defeat, frustration, agony, and misery,
poverty, disease and the crisis, but the Lord will feed you the lamb in the Lord's place where there is not
security, no certainty of water or food in a large place (as opposed to the first year lambs confined rich
grazing area). We bear needless pain because we fail to adhere to this Word. Those who want freedom
from fear and insecurity and lack, must turn from their strayed ways unto Jesus and ask forgiveness for
failing to bear the light yoke of Christ, and being burdened down with the yoke of the devil.
Backsliding people. Backsliding condition of the people of Israel... God always has spoken through
His prophets to the people, warning the people who have gone from God, temporarily taken to the things
of the world and missed the mark of blessing. Such people referred to as backsliding people are spoken
of by God through the prophets. Always asking the people to come home. The cause is that Israel slid
back; the effect was that the Lord would feed them as a lamb in a large place. How do heifers backslide?
Agriculture of the Orient, Eastern farmer does not live on his farm, he lives in a house in the village. A
man without land in the East is a pauper. Almost all men in the East are farmers. They grow their own
food and live in their own home (75% of Hindus and Indians were not in poverty). Let's look on the
positive side of each situation. Luke 5:4-7. We are what we are. Whether it be bad or good, whether
defeated, disappointed, loaded with care and depts., simply because we are toiling on the wrong side.
Verse 7 Landmark. Strange—illegitimate, alien. After a month they shall be destroyed; verse 10.
remove the boundary, landmark. No fences in that day. Mark with boundary stones which are easily
moved. God said that act was a sin (removing neighbor's landmark). Seldom break these rules of God
and their culture. Easterner's crooked in many ways but usually very strict in following laws of their
religious culture.
God does not send an evil to the people. He does not lead us into temptation. Instead of saying,
"lead us not into temptation", Easterners say, "let us not enter into temptation." We get our temptation
from our own, disobedience and negative thinking. Then we reap those consequences of our own wrong
doing. We should not blame God. Our mental attitude brings physical disease, etc. God is merciful and
delivers us when we call on Him.
Verse 8 Matthew 7:9,10.
Ephraim. Chippatti (chip-potti) is a bread as big as plate and thick as palm of hand. Cooked in
butter in a pan. Made of wheat flour dough rolled out. Must be watched. Sometimes get burned black on
one side. Then called ephraim. Name ephraim is idiom—one-sided fellow, knows only one thing. Does
not want to hear but one side of a matter, narrow-minded, no good. Instead of listening to God., gets
mixed-up with people and goes against God (Hosea 5:11). Like club-joiners in America, join anything but
still not satisfied.
"ever learning but never come to knowledge of the truth." (II Timothy 3:7). Ephraim and these
people are cakes never turned.
Verse 11 "taught" means trained. It means Ephraim was only trained to tread out the corn like a heifer.
Certain heifers are only trained to tread out the corn. That is the easiest task of all for an animal. It
should read: "But I will place a yoke and plow. He doesn't plow but he carries the instrument that plows.
One man plows and the other man goes behind him and breaks the big clods that come from the plowing.
That is the work of Jacob. Ephraim is as an heifer that is trained, and loves to tread out the corn; but I
have placed a yoke upon his fair neck..." Fair neck means neck that has never been broken. "...I will
make Ephraim to carry the yoke and go forward; Judah shall plow, and Jacob shall break his clods."
Heifer, "that is taught," "passed over upon." A heifer is young cow that has not been calved. "That
is taught" means trained to tread the corn. "Passed over upon" means to put a yoke upon. A heifer is
always afraid to carry a yoke because the fear is that the yoke will break. The corn is put all over the
threshing room floor. All the cows, 10-20 go around driven by one man. As the cows walk, the corn is
crushed by the weight of their feet. It is not a hard job like plowing. It is an easy job. The yoke is placed
on the animals in plowing, and then the cows, etc. must pull weight. Treading out the corn is just
walking; it is the easiest thing to do. People like to do the easiest thing also. It is easier to hear sermons,
hear evangelists; but it is more difficult to take the Word of God and become born-again, because then
they must act upon it later on. People don't want to use their hands.
But here is Hosea, God put a yoke upon Ephraim's head which he did not like, it is heavy and then it
was pulled. "Make him to ride" means to pull the plow. "Judah plow" means Judah stands behind the
"plow" means pick with a goad. Judah has one hand on the plow and the other is used to goad the
animals. Jacob shall break the clods. When plowing if there are big clods, Jacob shall break them. Man,
Ephraim wanted it easy without being hurt and was afraid of breaking his neck. For us it applies that we
want to have it easy in everything. We want to go easy on religion; if we give a testimony we may lose
our reputation, our job, our business in the community, they may despise us so we go easy on it. Hosea
7:8 (a cake not turned) means Ephraim was too worldly he is all baked on one side. Ephraim stands for a
materialistic man. People do not like change. Bible is not a burden, it is a yoke. It is the Word of God—
the Will of God—the yoke. People are afraid to bear that yoke because they do no want to do the will of
God, which is the yoke.
Verse 4 "I drew them with cords of love:..." "Jaws" should be necks. After the plowing is done during
the heart of the day, the plowmen do not take the yokes from the oxen. The plowmen come and sit down
under the tree and bring the oxen with the yokes on, pair by pair, and drive them under the tree where the
shadow is and the food for the plowman is. The owner comes and unloosens the bands. The oxen are
glad to see him for they are anxious for him to take off the yokes. As soon as the yokes are off, the food
is put in front of them. "Meat" could be provision.