Verse 21 Peacocks. (See I Kings 10:22.) The ships of Solomon went to Tarsus of India (where
peacocks originate). Why did Solomon get the ivory, gold, silver? As decoration and wealth. Why did
he get apes and peacocks? The apes and peacocks were obtained because apes were guardsmen and were
considered more trustworthy than men. The peacocks represent continued wealth. Wealth that can never
be deleted while the peacocks are living. The first step toward the downfall of Solomon. Solomon put
his confidence in apes and peacocks rather than the living God. He wanted to follow steps of other kings
rather than God. After this, Solomon lost his kingdom as he began with all of the wives.
Verse 10 "...My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins." An Oriental expression which
means I am stronger than my father.
Verse 11 For a punishment the people threw scorpions at a person. It means, "I am going to throw you
in the den with scorpions." When the scorpions sting you, you don't live very long.
Verses 1-5 (Not stated.) Covenant of salt. There were two armies setting themselves against each other
in war: 1) Jeroboam, 860,000 men; and 2) Abijah, 400,000 men. Abijah stood on a mount and told
Jeroboam that God had given that land to Israel forever by a covenant of salt. Jeroboam understood
exactly what Abijah was talking about, covenant of salt was not foreign to him. God never speaks in
terms that we cannot understand. Three covenants in Bible:
1. Covenant of salt.
2. Covenant of bread.
3. Covenant of blood.
Salt—unbreakable, most effective of covenants among the people. Anything said while eating must
never be broken. In East, marry someone of parents' choice. Never seen each other. On tenth day of
marriage, the man places a silver cord around neck of woman, sealing the marriage as the ring does in the
Western world. Before the cord is given to the woman, a covenant of salt is taken by eating something
salty—usually olives. This seals all the vows of the 10-day marriage. The marriage is a sacrament made
before God, and therefore, there are no divorces.
Now groom is entitled to lift the veil and see his bride. He places the veil on his shoulder as a
symbol of his taking responsibility of her protection on himself. The veil is the symbol of God's
protection of a woman. No veiled woman would be attacked in the East. The shoulder is where the
responsibility lies. In Isaiah 9, the Word says that the government shall be "upon his shoulder." That is
where we cast all our cares.
When the husband dies, the wife goes to the grave and places her silver cord that he gave her around
his neck. Then she is free to marry again.
When children of nobility are born, a little salt is rubbed on the body, and it is bandaged with 2"
wide strips of linen from head to toe. The swaddling cloth is very fine linen or silk. Bandage remains for
20 minutes to two hours. Called swaddling. Symbolized freedom from crookedness. To say that a
person was not salted or swaddled was an insult (Ezekiel 16:4). He was not loyal. God is a witness when
covenant of salt is taken. The fear of God keeps people from breaking it.
Easterners eat with fingers from the same dish when salt covenant is taken. The salt is in the food. If
covenant is broken, the punishment is death. That is why Judas hanged himself after betraying Jesus. He
had just previously eaten with him. (Salt is used to seal business deals.)
There are people in India who live by stealing—thieves' caste. Live in tents on plains and hills.
Police know where to go when something is stolen. The thieves had a bad life from childhood on. The
salt covenant is so respected that if a traveler happens upon a thief camp and wants to stay the night for
protection, he will offer to make a salt covenant. The response will be "come thou blessed of the Lord!"
The covenant is taken and the thief will protect the stranger with his life. The traveler gives his money to
the thief for safekeeping. It is counted at that time by both and then again when the thief returns it. The
thief will not even accept a gift for his service. He gives his services as unto the Lord. (Lot's wife was
made a pillar of salt to warn people against breaking the will of God.)
A child must not break the covenant of salt administered to him at birth by neglecting to perform the
things he was salted for; i.e., praying five times a day, etc., to be loyal to his particular religion. Salted to
be loyal to God and seek Him first.
Verse 5 Covenant of salt. God gave the kingdom of Israel to David and his sons forever by a covenant
of salt. Everything done in the East is related to the religion (which is the culture, the way of life).
Everything they do is in the Bible. The Bible records their way of life (the Jews, Hindus, Arabs). The
Bible records facts of their way of life. Jesus is the King of Kings because God gave him the kingdom
here. Jesus is David's greatest son because God laid upon him the keys of the Kingdom of David.
Covenant of salt is unbreakable forever and ever. This is a sign to the people that he will do what he said.
Of the three covenants, covenant of salt, bread or blood, this salt covenant is most frequently used.
A servant and master exchange the salt covenant to show that the servant will be trustworthy. So the
men eat salted food, an olive or something "in the name of the salt on the food, I am eating, I will never
betray you. I will never rob you. I will never cause damage to your property as long as I am in charge, so
help me God." The master says, "I will never treat you as a servant, I will treat you as my equal, my
brother. I will trust you." This is how the steward in the East has full control of the family.
Of course, this is what a bride and groom do at the conclusion of their 10-day wedding ceremony.
"What I have said and promised you here during the ceremony, I will never break it, so help me God."
Both bride and groom make this covenant. This is one reason for the few divorces in the East. They
would never break this covenant even to the place where they would die before breaking it.
If visiting the hill tribes in the East, in order to be protected by the tribe of thieves, the safest way is
to exchange the covenant of salt. He usually will say, "Oh, come in, blessed of the Lord." He will count
your money and hold it for you. Then he will eat salted food for and with you and he says, "I will never
betray you, rob you or let anybody rob you, in the name of the salt. I will never see any damage to you or
your life, so help me God." He puts you to bed, guards your money and life. If someone comes to rob
you, he will say, "This man is under the covenant of salt." The robber will say, "Bless the Lord, I cannot
touch you." In the morning, he will feed you and take you to where you want to go and he will not accept
a gift. He will say, "I have rendered a service to an angel of God; in the name of God by the covenant of
salt. I dare not charge anything for it. I cannot take anything for it, although I need it. Go in peace."
Lawrence of Arabia was a British diplomat who was secretly trying to learn the secrets of the Arab
people to report home to England. He passed off as an Arab perfectly, he knew the language and culture
very well. He carried salt in his snuff box. Jesus said, "Have salt in yourselves." Means, do what you
say. Don't say anything unless you plan on doing it. Colossians 4:6. We don't have salt of integrity that
the Eastern thieves have. We lack salt because we do not do the will of God.
A covenant of salt—an ancient custom among the Eastern people as ordained by God, it is used to
confirm an agreement made by word of mouth, used in the market places; it is unbreakable, eternal. You
will do what you said you will do no matter what it costs you. It may cost you your life, your home, your
job, but you do it.
When children are born to the higher classes, they are washed with salt water or some salt is rubbed
on their body. Baby is bandaged from head to foot with 2" linen cloth and kept that way for 15 or 20
minutes to an hour, depending on the distance traveled by the people coming to see the baby. Swaddling
clothes are not rags, they are a symbol for the child to be upright, to speak what he means from his heart,
free from crookedness. Salted to be loyal and faithful to God. Eastern children are weaned of mother's
milk at 6 to 8 months of age, but child must be fed milk of the world.
Covenant of salt. Abijah was talking to Jeroboam (King of Judah and of Israel) before the war
actually began. Abijah says that the kingdom which Jeroboam came to fight was given by God to his
father, David, and his seed forever. Therefore, anything given by the covenant of salt can never be
broken or conquered. Once God has Himself made this covenant with the people, His promise is
absolutely unbreakable.
Verse 14 "Very great burning for him." When a king or a noble person has died, his body will be
carried on a bier. A bier is like a bed. The bier is very well spiced by all kinds of perfumes. You can
smell the bier coming from a long distance away. As they are going into the funeral procession, they burn
all kinds of incense. Bullinger says about this very great burning, the odors previously mentioned, but not
of incense, or of the sin offerings. Sweet odors and divers kinds is the figure hendiadys emphasizing the
many kinds of odors. Lamsa translates this "a very great burnt offering." But this does not convey the
right meaning. The meaning here is referring to the perfumes. See also Chapter 21, verse 19.
Verse 12 Cast them down. Three kinds of capital punishment in the East before:
1. Hang at gallows;
2. Tie the live man to the dead body;
3. Cast people down a mountain headlong.
Verse 10 Built towers in the desert. What separates the East from the West—Suez canal. Strong
towers—the name of the Lord is a strong tower; only the righteous who believe can get into the tower and
find safety (not complete). They can bring their cattle into town.
Verse 4 Can't understand. Turned = changed when a man is made king, pope, he gets a new name,
same with a bishop. Bishop is highest title in church above that (archbishop, cardinal, pope, etc.) are
offices held by bishops.
Hindu (he's in Esther). Esther 1:1. Mentions 5 emperors of the world. Persia is one. The man in 1:1
is a Persian. Their forefathers nationally Persian, racially Arian. Their forefathers reached the Indus
River in India. The natives of India (now called untouchables) called them Sindus (because the name of
the River is Sindu in Sanskrit). There is no "S" in the Persian, language—”H” takes the place of "S."
They are called Hindu after the river.
The Persians ruled the second world empire. Today they are called Iranians. Iran means, "land of the
Arians." Persian means the same.
Egypt, Persia, Syria, India made up 127 provinces. Ahasuerus ruled these. There was only
government, one country. Bible scholars say the world has existed only 6,000 years. This was 6,000
years after the flood. World was millions of years old before. The flood didn't flood all the world, just
that part of the world. India wasn't washed away by Noah's flood, although India had several floods
before. There is no flood on record at the time of Noah. Mesopotamia and Arabia was wiped out to Noah.
This was the world to them. "Whole world" is a figure meaning "lots, many.