Verses 3-12 Almond tree (teaching already begun, scripture not state.) God gave Jeremiah a
commission (verse 7) and then gave his assurance of His promise by showing him (verse 11) a rod of an
almond tree. The almond tree brings forth fruit before any other tree. It hastens to do so—it is first. It is
unlike any other tree in that it produces buds, flowers, and fruit (almonds) all at the same time. God told
Jeremiah that He would hasten to perform His Word (verse 12) while showing him the almond tree which
hastens to bring forth it's fruit.
Verse 10 This is Jeremiah's commission.
Verses 10-12 Almond tree. Puts forth buds before any other fruit bearing tree. At same time have buds,
blossoms, almonds. God confirmed His commission to Jeremiah by showing him an almond tree.
Almond tree hastens to produce before any other tree. God hastens to perform His Word. Sometimes
Word is only knowledge to us. We must become confident that God will perform it. We must act on the
Word for it to be real to us.
Verse 11 "Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me saying, Jeremiah, what seest thou? And I said,
I see a rod of an almond tree." God gave a commission unto Jeremiah and here it is being confirmed by
using the rod of an almond tree.
The almond tree puts forth buds and fruit before all of the other fruit bearing trees of the season - the
almond tree has buds, flowers and fruits on its branches at one time. "Rod of the almond tree" means
hastening to bring it to pass.
God told the Israelites to have the names of each tribe written on an almond rod and have them
placed in the Tabernacle overnight. This was to settle the dispute over Aaron's priesthood—only Aaron's
rod budded, blossomed and brought forth fruit to show God's approval.
Spiritual Application: What God has said, that He will do—if we believe His promises and trust his
Word. He will hasten to fulfill His Word and not be slack concerning His promises.
Verse 11 The fruits and flowers of an almond tree all come at the same time. The almond tree starts to
bear fruit before any other tree in the spring. All of the almonds are the same size and none are rotten.
"Rod" should be branch. God will see that His Word is performed quickly and perfectly.
Verses 11,12 Almond tree. Just as an almond tree hastens to bring forth fruit, before any fruit bearing
tree, so God says, "I will hasten my Word to perform it.
Verse 11 Gray Hair. A person who is wholly gray headed is referred to as an "almond tree." The
almond tree has peculiar characteristics. It brings forth fruit before any other fruit bearing tree. When it
begins to bud, blossom, and bear fruit—it does it all at the same time. So at this time of year, it is totally
white. So white that a leaf cannot be seen. (Aaron's rod—12 dead almond rods were put in the
tabernacle—on which the name of the 12 tribes of Israel were written. All the dead rods were dead, but
Aaron's rod. Aaron's rod budded, blossomed, and brought forth almonds all in one night. (Numbers
17:6-13). This is typical of the almond tree's production. Jeremiah 1:11. As almond tree hastens to bring
forth fruit before any other fruit bearing tree, in its season, so God will hasten to perform His promise to
us. Before man can fulfill his promise God hastens, as an almond tree, to fulfill His.
"Rod of an almond tree." God gave a commission to Jeremiah and he is going to confirm it by the
rod of an almond tree. Almond tree begins to put forth buds and then flowers and then almonds before
any other fruit bearing tree does in its season. This tree has buds, flowers, almonds altogether it one time
on the tree as no other tree does.
Verse 12 just as the almond tree hastens to bring forth its fruit so will God hasten to perform His Word.
Verse 12 The Lord said as the almond tree is the first to bear fruit so I will hasten my word to perform it.
Verse 13 See John 21:15-17.
Verse 20 Although you promise you won't worship any more idols, yet you wonder on high hills. On
the hills they have temples and they go there and worship idols. They worship idols under every green
tree, because it is green. Green tree is heavenly tree.
See II Corinthians 6:14. "burst thy bands"
Bands are the leather straps. When hooking up the team they must put a buffalo with a buffalo, a
cow with a cow, a donkey with a donkey.
Broken yoke = God set them free from every oppression: oxen are strapped into yoke. Broken
yoke—broke strap so yoke falls off. The strap is call the band. The yoke (commandments) of Jesus are
light compared to the world, e.g. love your enemy, it's easy and light. The Hindu and other religions
have a heavy yoke (sticking needles in flesh, roll naked to temple, etc.). God says I set you free and you
said you wouldn't transgress but under every green tree and on every high hill you play harlot. These are
places for pagan and idol worship. Those who worship there are called playing the harlot; spiritual
whoredom, not physical sexual adultery. Green tree is the heavenly tree, an evergreen species of banyon
tree. People set up idols under this specific kind of tree.
See Isaiah 58:9.
Verse 23 "A dromedary" is a wild female camel.
Verse 27 "Stock" means idols made of wood. "Stone" means idols made of stone. To a stock they say
"thou art my father" and to a stone "thou hast brought me forth." In many places in the East a stone is set
up in the middle of town and oil is poured on it. There are also stones without oil. These were set up as
memorials thousands of years ago. They were not intended to be idols. Jacob set up a stone and poured
oil on it. He did not worship it as an idol but as a memorial, a remembrance of what God had done for
him. In course of time some ignorant people began worshipping them. Here God says they have turned
their backs to him and not their faces, because in the East, in churches, the priest turn toward the altar to
pray and burn incense and the people just see their backs.
Verse 37 "Hand upon your head" means you have a problem, you are up against a stone wall. You have
no solution at all, even God refused to solve it. They never put their hands on their head. If a man's
mother dies, the son puts his hands on his head. He must have one foot in the grave to have his hands on
his head.
Thine hands upon head—great grief or deep sorrow.
Verse 6 "The Lord said also unto me in the days of Josiah the king, Hast thou seen that which
backsliding Israel hath done? she is gone up upon every high mountain and under every green tree, and
there hath played the harlot."
There are a few meanings for the word "harlot"
1. One who commits physical adultery
2. One who worships any God who is not the true God.
3. One who is an innkeeper.
The temples or places of worship of various religions are always placed upon a high mountain;
therefore, Jeremiah said that backsliding Israel had gone upon every high mountain and played the harlot.
(worshipped other gods).
"Green tree" means the "heavenly tree"—a species of a Bannian tree—it is a very well-known and
revered tree—no man plants it, no man waters it, it requires no human care—God plants it, waters it and
cares for it—it spreads its branches until it covers large areas—because this is such an honored tree,
people set up altars under its branches and worship their pagan gods in this manner—thus, the children of
Israel played the harlot under every green tree.
Luke 13:31: "For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?"
Spiritual Application: As Christians, we need to give our loyalty to Christ and not have it divided
among other gods—Illustration: A married woman gives her loyalty to one man and not among many as
do the harlots.
Harlot (spiritual). Harlot: 1. - prostitute or immoral woman, 2. - one who worships false god. Only
heathens worship the false gods on the mountains and under the green trees. The green tree is a certain
tree under which idols stood and it is called "heavenly tree." During a crisis such as plague or famine,
heathens build brick altars under the green trees or on the mountains and call upon "God." In a marriage,
if one of the partners divides his loyalty rather than being completely loyal to his spouse, harlotry is
committed. When people divide their loyalty with other gods and do not give it all to the true God, they
are spiritual harlots. In Matthew 22:36-40, the Word says we are to love God with all our heart, soul,
mind and strength and to love our neighbors as ourselves. In these two commandments are fulfilled all
the other commandments. If we love God, we are sure to love our neighbor. A harlot is one who does
not love and serve God exclusively.
"played the harlot" The word harlot has different meanings:
1. Woman who commits adultery
2. One who worships any god who is not the true God.
3. An innkeeper
"every high mountain" — temples are built on the mountain and are places for heathen worship,
"under every green tree"—This should read "heavenly tree."
Mentions scripture in Hosea or Jeremiah. No reference, "...under every green tree and there hath
played the harlot." It is not adultery in our sense, but rather idolatry, worshipping any other God under the
tree it's adultery.
Verses 6-9 See Luke 24:26-31.
Verse 9 "Lightness" means fame. Whoredom and adultery are symbolic of worshipping other Gods.
Verse 23 The Hindu temple in the south is built where there are seven hills. On each hill there is a
temple. You might take a pilgrimage two or three miles high and as you walk, you go to the main temple
on top of the seventh hill. Some hills have more temples. The people go there every year to worship and
then they think they have salvation. Everyone looks to the temples and the mountains hoping God will
answer their prayers.
Verse 3 "Fallow" should be plowed.
Verse 3 He says you are to mend your ways and doings and not your religion.
Verse 4 Every person in the East believes that he is God. God dwells in him. They believe that the
temple of God is the temple of the Holy Ghost. All the evils they do, they say it is all right, God is for us,
we are the temple of God. That is one meaning of it. Also, if a man does anything wrong he goes to the
temple five times. It is the temple of the Lord and God will forgive me. That is what God says here.
Verse 11 "This house." Jewish people refer to the temple as a "house." Jeremiah saw how the people
treated the temple. (Matthew 21:12-13) (Jer. 7:11—prophecy fulfilled here). Selling in temple.
"It is written" where? Jeremiah 7:11. They were not exploiting the people by making money in the
temple: They were selling things for use in the temple for the service to God, hour after hour. What were
these items? Lambs, doves, incense, frankincense, mandrake, fruits, flowers, etc. They were not selling
these inside the temple; they were on the porch of the temple, called ''the outer court.'' They did not sell
more than "cost" price. They were not thieves in the sense of exploitation. These people had to have a
license from the temple authorities. There were conditions on their receiving their license: sell for cost,
sell on the porch, and sell only items for use in the temple. If they broke these laws, they lost their
licenses. It would not have been Christ's place to take the authority's position. He would have been
kicked out himself. After Christ came and declared that he is "The Way, The Truth, and The Life, no
man can go to the Father but by me." they thought they could still go to the heaven by good works.
Laboring in the house of God. The people rejected Christ, the first time, so when He came back. He saw
they were trying to go to heaven by another means. They were thieves in the sight of God (John 10:9).
Verse 18 Festival night comes once in every 4-6 months. During certain festival they make cakes.
They are not real cakes. The word for it is paniyaram. It is like cracknels. It is smaller than a pancake
specially made to offer to the queen of heaven. The queen of heaven is one of the goddesses.
When they cook this paniyaram everyone must take his own wood. The children must gather the
wood especially for that purpose. No wood must be used that is already in the house. Even the ones who
have gas must cook this with wood. Usually the woman kindles the fire, but for this festival the father
must kindle the fire. Everybody takes part in the ceremony. In Egypt there are only 500 converts in four
hundred years the missionaries have been there. This is among the Mohammedans and all of them have
gone back to their own religion.
If they see a missionary setting up a Christmas tree and burning candles on it they rebel against it.
They know it tells you in the Old Testament it is a pagan festival, that is why they don't think it is a real
religion. They also maintain we worship tree God. Isalesalem means Jesus, the prophet. They who
love Jesus are of the prophets and pray for Him. They put their fingers in their ears so they won't hear
anything else.
verse 29 Whenever you put off your hair it is suppose to be a sign of mourning or sorrow. Of if anyone
comes and cuts off your hair that is a sign of humiliation. So whenever it says cut off your hair you
should take it according to the context.
Verse 31 The Jews seem to have more idols than any other pagans. They built fires up in the hills and
burned their sons and daughters.
Verse 7 Heaven = skies in Sanskrit. Appointed times—these birds migrate according to weather and
seasons. They know when and where to go. People don't have that much sense.
Verse 2 Lodging place—when a man is troubled and fed up with family life, real frustrated he says,
"Oh, that I could live with the wayfaring men in the wilderness!" These lodgings are little booths. Men
go there, eat fruit and leaves and get peace and quiet in the wilderness, the forest: cut loose from all
burdens. Travelers also use these booths to sleep in. Preaching: a change of mind (not place) gets rid of
the problem, then you can live anywhere.
Verses 17.18 Cunning women. The more you cry the better, at a funeral. If you don't have enough
people to cry for the dead they have (hire) these cunning women who do this for a living. They pay them
and tell them his life story and they really get it on crying and mourning. Bishop says he won't cry
because the Bagavad Gita says the wise grieve not neither for the dead or for the living. We in Christ are wise.
These women's crying causes others to cry. Therefore verse 13.
Verse 2 In the East every evening the elders sit down together in the common place, or on the benches
in front of each house, and look at the stars. They say tomorrow, according to the stars, we will not have
rain, etc. They go by the stars. Sometimes they are dismayed at what they see there.
Verses 2-5 Heathen means other people (nations) even though both may be Christians don't follow other
people, v. 2, signs of heaven—other people, heathen, were dismayed at things in the sky.
v. 3, customs of heathen are like a man who cutteth a tree in forest. They will be cut down like a tree
in the forest. (From Sanskrit).
v. 4, they deck it (the custom not the tree) with silver and gold. The tree is symbolic of custom.
v. 5, refers to the custom. It was custom to make idol. Idol was part of custom (which will be cut
The idol from the tree is incidental. God says don't be afraid of the customs including signs in
heaven (v.2) and idols. The customs will be cut down like a man cuts a tree. (Bullinger agrees, Lamsa
says the idols will be cut down.) Bishop says this doesn't refer to the Christmas tree.
Verse 3 It should read "For the traditions of the people are vain..." They don't cut just any tree of the
forest when they mate an idol, "...for one cutteth a tree out of the forest,..." should be "...for one cutteth
an appropriate tree." Sandalwood or the shittia tree is chosen to make idols. There are certain people
who fashion the idols and they belong to a certain class of people they call them cunning workmen. They
decorate the temples and draw pictures, etc. They belong to the "Smith" family, goldsmith, tinsmith,
blacksmith, etc.
Verse 4 They put a foundation under it so it won't move very easily.
Verse 5 A palm tree is upright, not crooked, it doesn't have a blemish, and it has no ugliness. "Borne"
means carried. "Because they cannot walk" it should be. It says not to be afraid of them because the
heathen people who worship them are afraid of them. They think if the God gets angry they will destroy
the towns with plagues, etc. Some of the people think you can't go to the temple at night because you will
be dead at the altar. They always carry a light into the temple.
Verses 1-3 Why do the wicked prosper. God will chastise us, because we are approved by him. He
whom the Father loveth He chasteneth.
Verse 1 The Bishop's and King's wear girdles of silk. Before you wear a girdle of linen the first time
you always put it in water. This is to sanctify it. The Church gives a girdle according to the rank and it is
sprinkled and blessed with holy water. This is probably a new one. A girdle keeps your clothes in shape
so they won't get in your way, and it is symbolic of: As the girdle cleaves to the body of the person, so
God's people also cleave unto God.
Verse 7 "Marred" means dirty, disfigured, or rotten.
Verse 10 "Imagination" should be stubbornness.
Verse 4 Translation: "Because the ground is dry..." They didn't cover their heads with their hands.
They put a loin cloth over their heads to show shame. That is one of the signs of mourning.
Men seldom do that unless they are in a disgraced position. It should read: "They covered their
heads with the loin cloth." The Eastern people believe that if there is no rain God's curse is upon the
people. They are ashamed because whenever God stops the rain it is because of the people's sins. And
the people's sins makes God stop the rain. They are ashamed for being evil in the sight of God.
Plowmen ashamed. "Chapped" means dried up and cracked. Why did the plowmen become
ashamed and cover their heads? When there is no rain, Eastern people believe that people sinned against
God and God is grieved, so He held the rain up for the transgression of his people. Then they go take
their oxen and sheep and slaughter them before their gods and cry to gods to send rain. They get rain, too.
The plowmen were ashamed of their sin; God did not send rain because of this. Therefore, they were
humiliated, humble, ashamed. They covered their heads with a sheet to demonstrate their humility, their
submission to God, their helpless condition, their sorrow. "We are sorry, God, we have brought this all
on ourselves, because we have not been good in Thy sight. Therefore, we are ashamed and in disgrace:
it's our fault. We cover our heads, we cannot see anybody. We are not worthy for your goodness." The
cover is something like sackcloth. Today we are not ashamed, we are sorry and ask forgiveness. People
are their own enemies; this is why they reap sorrows. We should start thinking rightly in consistency with
the will of God. Our minds should be our servants rather than our being "mind-slaves." We need to be
mind masters. Our mind should think thoughts of peace, love. joy. prosperity, victory, good health... this
is what God wants us to have. That's our sin and transgression today. Jeremiah 14:4. These people were
not complaining and blaming God; they were ashamed of themselves! Psalm 139:23 ? is what they then
Verse 16 (Not stated). Funeral. If no one laments at the funeral, it means that the deceased was a
wicked person. When Easterners go to a funeral, they weep and lament even if the person is a stranger.
"Cut themselves"—an affectionate friend of the deceased cuts himself in honour of the dead person.
Scratches the skin so the blood comes out.
"Make themselves bald for them"—the nearest relatives shave their heads as mark of respect for
dead person.
Verse 7, "tear themselves," should be "break bread." When a person dies in a house, that house is in
mourning for 21 days. So food is cooked. Neighbors supply the food and comfort. The Word says in the
verse that there would be no one to break bread for them in their mourning. "Cup of consolation"—five
fruit juices to go with five senses: pomegranate, grape, orange and two other juices all mixed together
and given only to the man who loses his father or mother. God is saying that all sympathies will be
withdrawn from these people.
Lament for them, cut themselves, make themselves bald. God was speaking to the children of Israel
who had forsaken God. And God warns them that if they leave him, the great and small die, etc.
Blessings of God are conditional upon our obedience. "Lament for them," the whole town comes out and
laments for a dead man. "Cut themselves" is what very close friends of the dead man do with a small
knife, to show their affection. Drawing blood shows love for the dead; only pierces the skin. "Make
themselves bald" was the practice of the family of the dead person. The mark of respect for the dead was
to shave off the hair.
Verses 6,7 If a person's mother or father dies then he is given the cup of consolation, five juices that
have to do with five senses. Lower class people will cut themselves so blood comes out to show sign of
sorrow for someone dead. Also mourning for dead is shown by shaving their heads. When you are
mourning people will bring food for you to your house so you don't have to cook. All mourners'
privileges are taken away because people tripped out. Blessings are dependent upon obedience to God's will.
See Also: Genesis 46:4.
Cut themselves—people who love the dead cut themselves in funeral procession. Make themselves
bold—a relative would shave off all his hair as a sign of mourning. Tear themselves = breaking bread in
mourning. If someone is dead they don't cook in the home till after the mourning period. So relatives and
friends bring food each day. Cup of consolation—5 kinds of juice mixed is cup of consolation, given to a
man who lost his father and mother. All this won't happen to the people. They won't have these
privileges that are usually given to the dead.
Verse 7 "Tear" should be break bread themselves for the people in the mourning. This is a form of curse here.
Break bread for him, cup of consolation. The home of the dead man will not bake bread for 21 days
following the dead man's death. The neighbors and relatives bring their food for them to eat during this
period. "Break bread" or supply food is what "tear themselves" means. They have 5 different kinds of
fruit juices goes to a person who has lost either father or mother. This is to comfort them. This the "cup
of consolation." This all means that kindness, love of our neighbors, and blessings through our friends
are ill dependent on our obedience to the will of God. Where we forsake God and walk our own way, we
deprive ourselves of these blessings. Jeremiah 2:13. Matthew 6:33. Seek first God's kingdom.
Deuteronomy 28:1,2. Go after God and things will come grab you. Don't go grabbing and forsake God:
"tear themselves for them in mourning"—tear means "break bread" for them, "cup of consolation"—
this cup of comfort is given to a person who loses his father or mother. It has five fruit juices:
1. pineapple
2. apple
3. orange
4. grapefruit
5. doesn't state 5th juice.
Verse 1 pen of iron. Everything on Palm tree is used for the good of man. Palm tree lives for other
people the righteousness lives for other people. Teak wood is used for the beams of houses but they are
eaten by white ants after a while. Palm tree beams are never eaten up by worms or germs. Palm trees are
never uprooted, they will bend with the wind. When storm comes, large trees are uprooted. Righteous
are never defeated or frustrated in any storm. The palm tree is not planted or cultivated by man but rather by God.
Verses 5-8 See Isaiah 1:3.
Verses 5,6 The man that trusts in man shall be like a heath in the desert. It is like a potato plant and
when it puts on leaves in the spring the goats eat all the leaves off.
Verses 5-8 "heath in the desert." From the word heath we get the word heathen. The heath is a plant
which grows between the rocks in the wilderness and has leaves like potato leaves. In the spring when
the leaves come forth the wild goats will come and eat it up and it remains barren until the next spring.
Contrast between trusting man or God. The man who trusts man will be like heath in the desert—a
plant that grows between rocks 4-5 ft. long with nice green leaves. The goats eat the leaves quickly and
the stalks stand there barren, bloomy, looking dead. The leaves are gone—no hope.
Verse 6 The heath plant grows about 18 inches high. It grows in between the rocks, springs right up out
of the rocks. It has needle like leaves similar to the evergreen trees. In the spring the goats up on the
hillside come along and eat the leaves. Therefore, the heath plant always looks dead and barren and it
sticks up from the ground through out the entire year.
Verse 11 "As the partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatcheth them not; so he that getteth riches, and not by
right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and at his end shall be a fool."
Unless one understands the factual side of the literal portions of scripture you can never grasp the
spiritual implications—we gain from knowing the factual; therefore, can apply them to a spiritual message.
The partridge lays his eggs in the sand and while he is hatching them he is very easily annoyed by
disturbances—he runs away and does not have "sense" enough to find his own nest (it is not a nest
because it is not on a tree but merely in the sand)—not all partridges do this, only those who become
frightened. The one who gains riches by unjust methods shall be cut off in the middle of his years and as
the partridge cannot find its nest, neither shall this man return to his riches. His end shall be as a fool.
As a partridge sits, riches. Partridges are very fearful. Make hole in sand and lay eggs. Any little
noise frightens the bird and causes her to flee. She has no sense to come back to the eggs. Loses identity
of place. When a man who has gotten his riches unjustly dies, he can take nothing with him and is left just
a fool. Does not enjoy his wealth while he has it. If a man receives wealth justly and he looks to God, he
will enjoy his wealth. (Read also Proverbs 21:17). There is no blessing in unjust wealth.
"partridge sitteth on eggs." Partridge lays eggs upon the sand and then sits on the eggs if there is any
noise around the partridge is easily scared away and then it has no sense to come back to the eggs. This
does not happen to every partridge.
Partridge—sand grove in Sanskrit, a little bird that lays eggs in sand. Both birds build nests on the
ground, not in trees. Sits on eggs—eggs which do not belong there (in Sanskrit). They all lay eggs in
sand and will sit on anyone's eggs. Hatcheth them not—they get scared easily and fly off.
Partridge, riches. Partridges lay eggs in the sand. Partridges sit on any nest, not necessarily their
own. They do not know which are their own. Any noise causes fear in the partridge, so it flees. They do
not have the sense to come back to their own next... BECAUSE OF FEAR. A man who gets riches by
illegal means and did not earn it shall be like the partridge who sits on other partridges eggs. Then if they
panic they do not return to the area.
Verse 13 The verse is written backwards. Should read "O Lord the hope...shall be ashamed" then
"those that forsake the Lord, the fountain of living waters shall be as those whose names are written in the
sand." (Sand not earth).
Verse 3 "Repent" means to feel sorry here. The word for feeling sorry is Manasphapam.
Verses 10,11,16 " one breaketh a potter's vessel..." See John 4:28 and water pot. If break, must
collect and bring back all the pieces. The pot is inexpensive (costs about 10¢), but great sentimental and
sacramental value. To leave pot at well is worse than living with a man. To leave pot is despairing
human personality. To do so is the cause of being ostracized and being outcast and great disgrace and shame.
Vs. 16. How prove that you are a holy man, tells persons whole life story. Christ proved who He
was in a few words.
Her joy and inspiration was so great at discovering who He was, that she left her water pot— that is,
forgot all tradition, all shame, all disgrace, all society life and went to tell people that He must be the
Christ. Jesus never asked her to go and tell people, she did it herself. (What do WE do and give up and
suffer for Jesus Christ?) Reason: We have not been sufficiently in contact with Jesus to receive that joy
and light, love and life. That's why we're not giving up anything for Him, not walking with Him. We
don't have the joy and thrill because we haven't been in face to face contact with Jesus.
A man in Christ Jesus will give up anything when he knows the sweetness of Christ Jesus. Jesus
knew what a wonderful philosopher woman was—only asked question about husband so that He could
prove to her who He was.
Verses 10,11 Potter's vessel. Because a potter's vessel cannot be restored again, neither can a nation
which is destroyed. Potter's vessel stands for broken bits.
Verse 11 " one breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again..." Cannot put potter's
vessel together again thus when God destroys a nation — not able to put it back unless God does it.
Back to Samaritan woman: Woman who leaves water pot at well is permanent disgrace of society.
Worse than living with man. Jesus in order to prove He was Son of God — told her own life story—of
her husbands. She left for joy which was so great when she perceived that He was Christ. Ran to tell
others, joy was so great she forgot all tradition, shame, disgrace, society life. She did it of her own free
will, she was so stirred up to give things up! Just set on fire! If woman had been living in sin, Jesus
would have told her to stop living in sin and follow him. Need more people like woman who can give up
anything to follow Son of God.
Verse 14 Childbirth. When a son (Jeremiah) is born, she (the mother) is blessed by other women.
Jeremiah wishes he had never been born. When a male child is born, message is sent to the father,
wherever he is, so that he, the father, is very glad. Jeremiah is cursing the day wherein he was born, and
the man who brought glad tidings about his own birth to his father.
"Cursed be the day where in I was born, let not the day where in my mother bare me be blessed."
Messenger goes to father when son is born. Not so when girl is born, because boys are more important.
Eastern woman has mental and physical suffering in childbirth. There is great concern for the child
to be a boy. Mohammedans will get a divorce if it is a girl. They figure that there is no blessing of God if
it is a girl. The midwives are taught to say in the East.
See Also: Genesis 35:17; Isaiah 9:6; Job 3:3; John 16:20,21.
"A man child is born unto thee making him very glad." When a father receives the message that a
man child is born unto him, he is very glad; when he receives the message that a girl child is born unto
him, he isn't glad. Jeremiah was grumbling and complaining, saying, "I wish I wasn't born at all, I wish
nobody blessed my mother when I was born. I wish nobody brought glad news to my father saying a man
child is born unto the."
"A man child is born"
See also: Genesis 35:17; John 16:21.
See Genesis 35:17.
See John 16:21.
"A man child is born." The father is only very glad when a son is born to him.
"Cursed by the man who brought tidings to my Father saying, "A man child is born unto thee;
making him very glad."
Verse 28 What is the chaff to the wheat. If you don't speak the Word as God gave it, if you tell some
story, you're giving chaff to the people - it doesn't feed them. Chaff is separated on the threshing floor
rock. They let oxen and cows walk on them, the wheat and chaff is separated they take the corn cobs out
and the rest is dropped on floor so the chaff is blown off. It is picked up in a fan to do this, (preaching on
religion = chaff, wheat is the real thing.)
Verse 10 "Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the
bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle." God was
here telling the people what would happen to them if they forsook him.
1. Take away the voice of mirth. The voice of mirth means rejoicing on the harvest floor for the
new harvest (corn, rice, barley, etc.)—this is a ceremony at which time a meal is prepared upon the
threshing floor and praises are given to their God for the abundance of food. God said He would take
away their abundance of good (voice of mirth).
2. Voice of gladness. This voice of gladness means the rejoicing which takes place at the time of
the pressing of the grapes which is done for making of wine. God said that He would take away from the
rejoicing over new wine (voice of gladness).
3. Voice of the bridegroom. This is the goodbye to the wife after the year of honeymoon (John
14:1-4). It is a very sentimental and sacramental ceremony in which all the people of the village rejoice
to hear. God is here saying that He will take away the joy of marriage from their lives and people will not
be able to hear the voice of the bridegroom. John the Baptist rejoiced to hear the voice of the bridegroom
which was Jesus Christ.
4. Voice of the bride. This is what the bride says to the groom: "All that thou sayest I will do."
(Ruth 3:5)—if we will do all that we promise there will be joy and happiness in our lives because God
will bless us.
5. Sound of the millstones. This means that there will be nothing to eat or grind—this is a saying in
the East when there is poverty at old age that the sound of the grinding is low. Ecclesiastes 12:4: "And
the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low..."
6. Light of the candle (lamp). Light represent the presence of God; therefore, when the light goes
out they feel that the presence of God has been withdrawn from them—God here said that He would be
no more with them because they forsook Him.
"...voice of mirth..." Anytime you have corn, rice, or wheat, etc. , they take it to the threshing floor
after harvesting it. There the corn is separated from the chaff and then they take the Lord's share, which
is one tenth. After that the rest is his own and they cook some of it on the threshing floor and have a
prayer meeting of gladness. Whenever they rejoice and make merry as an outcome of thanksgiving they
call it mirth. When the grapes are harvested they take some of the crop and give it to God, make the
grape juice, make merry and rejoice but not as much as they do for the corn. "Merry" is gladness.
When the bridegroom is home from the honeymoon and is wishing his wife goodbye he calls in the
bridesmaids, and the best man, which is called the bridegrooms friend in the Bible, and his relatives,
wife's people, friends in the town, and the wife stands in front of him, and the bridegroom's best man on
the right hand, and the other people all around, he addresses his wife, which they call the first
pronouncement. He repeats the first 10 verses to his wife and then leaves. "Save this wife let not your
heart be troubled, ye believe in God, believe also in me." The bride says "all that thou sayest I will do."
When there is no food to grind the millstones will make no sound. When there is no food that means
poverty. Should be lamp instead of candle. Wherever the lamp is burning, God is there. When the lamp
goes out, God goes out. God says he will take away all these things.
Voice of bridegroom, voice of bride. Long goodbye of John 14:1-4 — a public announcement.
They're all witnesses to His statement and ours too (I will do as thou sayest). Therefore, they walk
confidently, fearlessly, believing the bridegroom's voice.
Voice of mirth. After the harvest, they will celebrate, burn some of wheat or corn right there on the
threshing floor at night when threshing is done. Celebrate what God has given them. Make mirth—
rejoice—v. 10 means here there will be no more food, rain or harvest given to them because they have
disobeyed me.
Voice of gladness—harvesting grapes—take juice right from the wine press and dedicate the say
way—means new wine.
Voice of millstones. There'll be nothing to grind, nothing to eat, sing of poverty. Light of candle
should say "light of lamp", smoking flax ( Isaiah 42:3). Lamps burn constantly in houses. "Light of the
lamp," should read about three inches wide made of clay, 2-3 inches deep full of oil, wick made of flax—
when oil burns out, flax keeps burning. The wick will stink. The woman's duty to get up and pour oil
into the vessel. The woman (at night because she's lazy, it's late) will replace the burnt out wick and
replace with a new one, then light the wick without replacing with any oil—It'll stink and smoke—it's
merely a temporary solution. "A smoking flax shall He not quench." (Is. 42:3)
When you become angered, bad tempered, irritable, prejudiced, annoyed and worried, etc. —it's like
a smoking flax mentally. Christ won't give us a temporary solution—He'll pour more oil, more grace into
our cups. We are renewed again because He fills us again. Light symbolizes the presence of God—"I
will not remain with them anymore." What this means here "If they reject me, I'll withdraw myself from
than." When you become self-centered and selfish, God has no use for you—no longer do you walk with
God—you don't carry out what you said, "all thy sayest I will do." Because we reject Him, we become a
smoking flax. God doesn't take his spirit back, but we begin to sink—feel lonely, afraid—like a smoking
flax. Then we call upon God. We renew ourselves—fresh—get back in fellowship—call upon God.
Voice of gladness, mirth, bridegroom, bride; other idioms: "It is I' & naked." Israel was whoring
after other gods. In that state of things God speaks through Jeremiah and tells Israel who had forsaken
God, what would happen to them because of it. "Voice of mirth"—wherever there is harvesting of corn
or rice, it is brought to the threshing floor. A portion is cooked and dedicated to God and the people eat
some of it and bless and glorify God for the harvest. They rejoice and make merry during this dedication
service. This is the voice of mirth. When there was no harvest there was no voice of mirth.
"Voice of gladness"—when the grapes are harvested they are brought to the wine press and juiced.
The harvest is dedicated to God and there is much rejoicing and praising God for the "new wine" which is
not alcoholic but is fresh grape juice. They were not drunk but happy in the celebration of what God had
done for them. God's people should desire to communicate this happiness as much as drunks desire to get
each other drunk and "happy." We have salvation to communicate.
"Voice of bridegroom"—at the end of the twelve months of honeymoon the bridegroom wishes his
wife goodbye for a short while during which he goes to his father's home and prepares a place for them to
live together. He returns for her when it is prepared. On the day that he leaves there is a goodbye service
which crowds of people attend. The bride and groom face each other and the best man and the virgins
from their wedding are in attendance. It is such a touching, joyful, beautiful ceremony that even strangers
attend. The groom makes a public pronouncement to his wife: "Let not your heart be troubled, neither let
it be afraid, you believe in God, believe also in me. In my father's house are many apartments. If it were
not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will
come again and take you so that where I am you may be there also. You know where I go and the way
you know." It is in our power to let our heart be troubled or not let it be troubled. Jesus gave this same
public proclamation to God's people (John 14:1-4). If we do not believe God's Word, we are troubled.
The voice of the bridegroom is mentioned again in John 3:29. It always brings much peace and rejoicing.
Obedience to God's Word makes it possible for us to receive God's blessings. Disobedience closes
the door. When Israel disobeyed God, He told them that they would not receive any of these blessings.
God does not punish us. We cut ourselves off and bring on ourselves crisis and care. "Voice of the
bride"—she says only one sentence at the farewell ceremony: "All that thou sayest I will do." We should
say the same to God and therefore remain poised and calm and peaceful. We were obedient to the Will of
God to get saved. Likewise, in order to enjoy the peace of God, we must continue to walk in obedience to
the Word. Where Christ is, consequences are not. When Christ saw his disciples again after he was
raised from the dead, he said "It is I" and did not give his name. In the East, when a friend knocks on the
door he says, "It is I" because it is an insult to expect a friend to have to give his name. He would just
walk away from the door. Whenever "naked" is used it does not mean "stark naked" but "not fully
dressed." Indians never even bathe with no clothes on at all.
"Voice of the bridegroom"—is the long goodbye after 12 months honeymoon before he goes home
to prepare a place. There are witnesses to voice of bridegroom and bride.
"Voice of mirth"—harvest or corn, wheat, rice. Threshing is done at night in moonlight, threshing
floor is on top of a rock. Corn is separated from the chaff. Cook corn on threshing floor. People rejoice
together for the God-given food by singing and dancing. To take away voice of mirth is to remove corn,
food, rain.
"Voice of gladness"—grape harvest. People rejoice together for wine God has given.
"Sound of the millstones"—two women grinding. To take away sound of the millstones means there
will be nothing to grind or eat. Sign of poverty.
"Light of the candle"—candle should be lamp. They are to burn all the time, night and day. Little
lamps burns all the time (3" wide made of clay, 2"-3" deep, flax wick, filled with oil). When oil runs out
the flax will smoke and stink. Woman's duty to fill it, lazy woman will quench the burnt part of the wick
and relight the wick without filling it with oil again. This is only a temporary solution. Isaiah 42:3
"smoking flax shall he not quench" bad mental attitudes are as smoking flax.
"Light of the lamp"—means presence of God (as the wick is burning God is present)—when the
light goes, God goes.
"Different voices." God is telling people of Israel what will happen to them if they do not follow him.
—"Voice of mirth"—after the harvest all the corn, rice, wheat is taken to the threshing floor where it is
trampled by the oxen. Right on the threshing they cook some of the harvest and have rejoicing to God for
the harvest. Here God is saying he will take away the corn (harvest) and celebrating.
—"Voice of grapes"—same thing for grape harvest.
—"Voice of the bride"—see Ruth 3:5.
—"Sound of the millstone"—there will be nothing to eat.
—"Light of the candle"—should read lamp. People believe burning lamp is presence of God. Where light
is there is God.
Sound of the millstones. The stones are placed on a linen cloth and the grain is placed between the
stones for grinding. The wheat falls on the linen cloth. The Hindus do not buy packed foods, they eat
fresh wheat and vegetables everyday. Every morning there is grinding in the home. Only women do grinding.
Light of the candle. "candle"—this should be a lamp. The lamp saucer uses olive oil and a flaw
wick. The lamp is a symbol of the presence and blessing of God. Light is always linked up with the
presence of God. Silver cord and marriage customs, the veil worn by a woman Shaking the lamp
"Voice of mirth." The consequence of not following God is the withdrawal of these blessings.
Voice of mirth—whenever there is a harvest of wheat, barley, or rice it is threshed on the threshing floor
and one tenth is taken for God's share, and from the balance of it, a meal is cooked on the threshing floor
itself and dedicated to the Lord. There is singing and dancing and rejoicing and thanking God for giving
them the harvest.
Voice of gladness—grape harvest do the same thing - one tenth goes to the Lord. There is more
rejoicing for food than there is for grape juice. Everyone in town will join together in this service of
thanksgiving to God.
Voice of the bridegroom—John 14:1-4, this is at the end of the first year of marriage. During first
year they must eat their meals either in girls parent's home or boys parent's home. It is an insult to invite
the honeymooning couple out for a meal.
Voice of bridegroom. The marriage takes place usually in the home of the bride. The bridegroom
must go to the bride. After the first year is the first time he is going to leave his bride for a short while. 2
months or six weeks. The whole village comes to hear this very thrilling and sentimental goodbye given
by the bridegroom. The 10 virgins (bridesmaids) come to this and also the best man (bridegroom's
friend). The bridegrooms say John 14:1-4. Every boy who gets married will bring his wife (after one
year) to his father's home to live.
"Mansions" should be apartments. The son must remain with the father and mother until they are
dead and buried. The son has a function to perform in the funeral, he carries the golden bowl which is a
gold trimmed pot (there is a small fire in it) held by four strings. He carries this before the body to the
grave. Tremendous sentimental value.
Tells us "I will take away the voice of the bridegroom." Means he will take away the joy and
pleasure of hearing the bridegroom's voice. When they are finally all living in the father's house the
household has a common purse. Say there are father and mother, 3 sons and 3 daughters-in-law and 5
grandchildren. Who is the boss in the family? The mother of the sons is. She keeps all the girls together
with love. She doesn't scold them, she is so kind and Godly, she handles the money, the tithing, will buy
clothes for the girls and grandchildren, she leads the prayer, we'll get up at 4 a.m. with the daughters-inlaw,
they all bathe and she'll instruct them. They sit on deer skin cross-legged and they have prayer and
scripture. Then they bring their money that their husbands made the day before and they give it to the
mother-in-law. She dedicates it to the Lord and takes 1/10 of it, sets it aside so they can take it to the
temple once a year and after that she will say "Mary you cook breakfast, today, Jane you look after the
household, Jan, you look after the garden." She divides the work. Then they all go to work. The men get
up at 5 a.m. under the command of the father. The father and the sons bathe, leads them in prayer, no
hurry, no rush, no irritation, then they eat. No Hindu eats breakfast until he bathes and prays. After that
they go to work. Hindus don't buy milk by bottle or anything canned. They buy everything fresh.
Someone gets vegetables from the garden in the morning. Everything they get from the garden they wash.
Should be the light of the lamp. They had no candles until contact with the west was established.
When the oil runs out, if it does it in the middle of the night, the wick is burning by itself therefore it
stunk and smokes both. When the people in the home smell it, they yell at the woman to fix it—it's her
job to fix it—to fill it with oil. If the woman's lazy she has to go from one room to another to find a pot of
oil. If she's lazy she'll come to the lamp and take off the burnt portion of the wick—the ashes. This is the
quenching of the wick. Then she lights the rest of the wick. She thinks this is the solution for it and goes
back to bed and it stinks again because there's no oil in it. She only gave a temporary solution.
When we become miserable or anxious or negative—all are smoking flax. They all stink spiritually.
A negative person is the biggest stinker there is. He makes everybody miserable.
Sound of the millstones. God was saying there would be nothing for them to grind—poverty.
Voice of mirth, voice of gladness, voice of bridegroom. God is speaking here of the condition of the
people and what would happen if they would leave Him. The consequence of rejecting God is the loss of
these blessings. What are these?
Voice of mirth: whenever there is a harvest of wheat, barley or rice, they are threshed on the
threshing room floor. Then 1/10 is taken away as God's share. From the balance of it, a meal is cooked
right there on the threshing room floor itself, dedicated to the Lord. After delivering to the priest 1/10,
they dedicate to God the harvest. During this dedication, the people sing, dance, jump, clap hands praise
God, rejoice, and thanking God for the blessing. "Mirth" is greater than gladness; there is tremendous
rejoicing, praising and thanking God for what He did. God is in effect saying that there would be no more
grain, no more rain; therefore no making mirth.
Voice of gladness: at the grape harvest, they are pressed. The first 1/10 goes to the Lord. From the
remainder, take some juice, dedicate to the Lord have a prayer meeting, sing, rejoice, and make glad.
This is less of the celebration than mirth. For food they make a tremendous noise; for drink it is a little
less. All of the townspeople join in the celebration. He may go to work place but won't work.
Voice of bridegroom: after the marriage, bride and groom travel back and forth to their parent's
homes. (6 mths—6 mths). The groom does not work for 12 months. All means are eaten in either
parent's home. It is an insult to invite a couple out to dinner before their 12 month honeymoon has been
completed. If a man has just been married, his answer is, "I've just been married, therefore, I cannot come."
Voice of the bride: The bride stands there and listens to everything. Then she says, "All that thou
saith, I will do." (see Ruth when she meets Boaz). When the husband is gone to prepare the apartment,
she does not worry. She does not get upset because a "heart being troubled" happens only when we allow
it. She is absolutely sure he will return, because he said so.
See—Systems of Government of the East.
Voice of bride and bridegroom, gladness, mirth; sound of millstones; light of candle. The people of
Israel were being told what would happen to them if they did not turn back to God. They were about to
be taken into captivity of Babylonia as a result of their stiff-necked attitude. "Voice of mirth"—whenever
corn or rice is harvested it is taken to the threshing floor. Laborers work on the rock floor beating the
grain off of the cob or sheaf. After threshing, a little of grain is cooked there and they have prayer and
rejoicing in God for the increase. This rejoicing is the voice of mirth. God was saying that there would
be no more harvesting and henceforth no more rejoicing.
"Voice of gladness"—when the grapes are first pressed it is called "new wine" although it contains
no alcohol. The first juice is dedicated to God and they rejoice and praise Him. This rejoicing is called
the voice of gladness.
"Voice of the bridegroom"—at the end of the one year honeymoon, the couple returns to the bride's
home where he leaves her until he goes to his father's house and prepares a place for them to live. They
live separately but in the father's hone. Boys must live with parents until their death and burial. He
ceremoniously in public, wishes goodbye to his wife with the words which Jesus also spoke to his
disciples when he was about to leave them - see John 14:1-4. The bride stands in front of the man while
he is speaking and the best man (called "friend of the bridegroom") stands on his right. He must be in
attendance at this time no matter where he lives. If possible all 10 virgins are present also. This
statement is the voice of the bridegroom. It brings great joy to the whole village. Everyone quits
whatever they are doing to hear it. (John 3:29—John the Baptist was Jesus' best man.)
"Voice of the bride"—in response to the bridegroom's promise, the bride gives one sentence: "All
that thou sayest I will do." She believes her husband's word so she has no worry or fear. People fear only
because they do not believe God's Word. Ruth gave this response to Naomi, her mother-in-law, when she
was instructing Ruth on arranging to get Boaz to marry her (Ruth). Ruth's statement was prophetic of her
coming marriage.
"Sound of the millstones"—everything is made fresh in Eastern homes. Every morning wheat is
ground into fresh flour for the day. Millstone is about 20-23" wide. Two millstones are used and two
women do the work. In the center of the upper stone is a hole. In the bottom stone is a wooden peg
which holds the two stones together. The bottom stone is all chiseled. Grain is put on top of upper stone
where there is a hole, and the grain falls between the two stones. There is another peg on one side of the
upper stone which is long enough for two women to hold onto with their hands to grind the grain. Since
the bottom stone is chiseled it grinds well. The powder falls all around the stones onto a white cloth. In
the morning the grinding can be heard in the house. To say that the grinding is low is to say that there is
not much food in the house (Eccl 12). To make a man grind the millstones is the hardest labor because it
kills his pride. Grinding is always women's work. This grinding is what Samson was made to do when
he was in captivity. He was not pulling a heavy stone. If the "sound of the millstones" is taken away,
there is no more food in the house.
"Light of the candle"—should be "light of the lamp." Easterners had no candles. In every home
there is a lamp burning night and day. It is like a saucer made of brass which contains oil and a flaw
wick. Easterners believe that the presence of light is the presence of God. A son is considered a light
from heaven. David, speaking to his son, Solomon, said, "Thou has given thy servant a lamp." God was
saying here in Jeremiah that because of Israel's disobedience. He would withdraw His presence from
Verse 18 "Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised,..." should be "Thou hast beaten me, and I was
goaded..." The first time they put the yoke on the bullock they beat them with a cane and a goad. A goad
is a stick with a pointed nail on the end. The yokes are made of wood. "...I smote upon my thigh..."
means two things: When you affirm a thing, you beat on your thigh. When boxers fight in the East, they
beat on their thigh before the start. That means I am determined to knock you down. Smiting means
determination and affirmation according to the context.
Verse 19 "Smote upon my thigh." In Syriac this reads "I scratched upon my side". This is an eastern
sign of repentance.
Verse 18 There are three major covenants: Covenant of salt, bread, and sacrifice. For the covenant of
sacrifice they cut the cow in the middle usually and put the pieces here and there and then you walk
between it and say what you want to say. They never break the covenants. Refer to Genesis 15:9,10. It
is the same thing.
Verses 18,19 covenant of sacrifice. There are two covenants: 1. Covenant of Sacrifice 2. Covenant of
Salt. Covenant of sacrifice—cut a calf in two, equally sized pieces, put one piece here and a piece there
then the two men who are making a covenant will walk between them and make a promise on something.
This promise is not generally broken.
"Pass between the parts of a calf." In the east they will kill a calf and skin it. Then they will divide
it into two parts and place one on the left hand and one on the right. When they make a covenant, they
will pass between these two parts of the calf. There are many covenants, salt covenant, bread covenant,
blood covenant, and this covenant of walking between the two pieces. "The people who have
transgressed covenant often walking between the 2 pieces God will treat them like a calf." Lit. from Sanskrit.
Verse 5 They take a small knife to cut themselves with. Like they do for funerals. They scratch the
body so the blood comes out. They do it to show how sorry they are.
Verse 8 Treasures may be money, gold, silver, etc. In the olden days they hid the money in the fields so
the people wouldn't find out. "...treasures in the field of wheat,..." In the fields, barrels of oil are hidden
for fear the thieves will come and take them. They also hide the honey in jars in the fields.
Verse 11 Balm in Gilead. Balm is a grease extracted from a nut, (there is not English name for it
because it is not grown here). This grease is used for chronic headache, chronic lombago, nervous
disorder. This balm is taken to the temple and blessed by the priest and used as a medication. There is
balm everywhere but the balm in Gilead is a little special like eating southern fried chicken in Kentucky.
Jesus Christ is our balm of Gilead.
Balm—grease extracted from nut—any headache, etc.—they rub this on—they're cured—when
people give money for this in the temple, they're supposed to be cured of everything. Go to Gilead and
buy balm. Jeremiah 46:12 (not stated in teaching) Balm in Gilead special. Our balm in "is Jesus
Christ"—he heals us and takes our fears. He soothes our sorrows, takes our fears. Look to Jesus—not be
anxious—sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.
Balm in Gilead. "Balm" is the grease extracted from a nut. Any chronic illness can supposedly be
healed or cured by this grease. After the priest blesses it, people come and take it, leave an offering.
They believe for healing from this balm. "Balm in Gilead" is special like "Southern fried chicken." The
Christians "Balm of Gilead" is Jesus Christ. The greatest life is living moment by moment, loosing unto
Jesus (not possessing an abundance of things, unless we plan on giving it away. No hanging on in the East.)
Verse 25 "multitude of No." "No" is a city in Egypt whose name has been changed to Thebes,
"multitude" means the god Amon, a pagan idol. Each idol represents someone who died who lived many
years before. In time of war they depended on Amon.
Verse 9 Translation: "...they will steal all that you have until they have enough?" They won't spare
anything, but grape gatherers will.
Verse 6 "My people hath been like a lost sheep..." The shepherds are not true shepherds here, because
true shepherds love their sheep and the true shepherds are always relatives of the owners of the sheep or
the owner himself. In the mountains the shepherds keep both eyes on the sheep because of lion and
thieves. All this happens in the mountains and not on the plains. A true shepherd will be faithfully
looking after his sheep, even forgetting his meal time because he may lose them if he doesn't. So if a
shepherd scatters his sheep on the mountain he is not a true shepherd at all. God was speaking about false
prophets. The sheep must be lead to the resting place. Where the shepherd walks, they follow. During
the day all the shepherds bring their sheep to a place under the trees, where they water them. There are
wells which are covered with slabs of stone. One reason they are covered is so if the enemy comes they
must not know where the water is. ONLY the shepherd, who knows the place, knows where the place is.
Herds of all kinds come to the same place and when they are all gathered the oldest lifts the stone. When
the stone is off the herdsmen draw the water and fill the troughs. The resting place is where they come
during the day under trees for a couple of hours. In the evening the resting place is in the fold.
Verse 14 When male child, send messenger to the father calling him. Father gets very excited—Big
Hysteria! Gets others excited. Even have a big banquet. Jeremiah here is cursing himself. When man is
born, they bless the woman.
Verse 15 "she hath given her hand" This is an oriental sign of surrender. (Bullinger says here the token
of submission). Babylon had made a commitment to the Lord but had not been faithful to it.