Verses 1-9 Potsherd, sitting among ashes. God called Job a perfect and upright man. God permitted
Satan to go and take away from Job all that he had. Satan did it. Finally, God spoke to Satan again here
and said to spare his life. Job never complains. Job thanked God for his blessings and sinned not.
Potsherd is a broken piece of a pot. The idea is that a pot which carries water was looked upon as a divine
authority by the Eastern people. The pot quenched the thirst of the people, therefore they believed that
the power of God was in the pot. We have an earthen vessel in ourselves; in us, God dwells. Just as
water is brought in this pot made of clay, the pot carries living waters to quench the thirst of mankind.
Pot is like God. When a pot is broken, it is used for the good of mankind. Each piece is used: 1) to carry
water from place to place; 2) fire from house to house; and 3) smallest bit is used for scraping. If a man
has sores, he scrapes his body with these pieces called potsherd which is believed to contain healing
chemicals. Job never sought a physician. He always sought God (as the potsherd is looking to God rather
than man). He believed that the power of God in the potsherd could heal the sickness. Sitting among
ashes are symbolic of salvation by sacrifice.
Hebrews 9:13 shows that wearing ashes on the body is symbolic of putting themselves under the
protection of God. We must trust and rely in God alone. This is what Job did in verse 8. His wife judged
by looking at the circumstances. We must believe and stand in the power of God. We need to look away
from the circumstances and look to God.
Habakkuk 3:17-18. This is exactly opposite from Job's wife's outlook. She could not see beyond the
obvious. Spiritual things are eternal and change not. Material things do change. A man who believes in
God, reaching the end of his rope, puts a knot at the end of his rope and holds on there rather than falling
down. Job had faith in God; yet his wife had belief in materialism. We do foolish things out of despair,
lacking believing in God.
Verse 4 "Skin for skin." This is an Oriental idiom. Background: People who are very poor, no land, no
income, will go and kill an animal and eat it. Then they will sell the skin for grain, rice or wheat. The
poor person barters the animal skin for food which will protect (nourish) his own skin.
Skin for skin. Ninety-five percent of the people in India own their own home, land and property.
They are handed down to them; they are more like shacks than like our Western homes. They live in
these homes, cultivate the land and supply enough food for themselves. This is the normal Oriental life.
Only five percent of the people are business people, ninety-five percent are self-employed. Some people
without land and who don't want to work for anybody, hunt for a living. (Hindus do not believe in killing.
They feel that God creating anything with breath can bless the sparrows singing praises to
God. This is why they do not kill for food.) People who have no other way to support themselves shoot
animals. They sell (or eat) the meat and the skin. The skin is used for bottles. They use the skin to barter
for food. Skin for skin: the skin that they barter with saves their skin. The food they receive for the
animal skins nourishes and saves the trader's skin!
Verse 8 See John 4:28.
See John 4:7-26.
"Potsherd." To the Oriental, the pot symbolizes divinity because (John 4:28— woman at well with
water) it brings water to supply the thirst of the people. There is divine power in the pot. When it is
broken, the pieces of it are used for the good of mankind. Small pieces are used when a person has sores
on his body. They believe there are healing chemicals in the divine pot.
"A potsherd to scrape himself." This is one of the uses of the broken water pot.
Water pot costs about 8¢ and is made of clay by the potter. Holds about three gallons of water,
baked in a kiln and becomes red. Tie rope to neck of pot and lower pot into the well. The pot is symbol
of divinity. If broken, all the pieces that remain tied to the rope are brought home. They think that this is
God's instrument supplying water to mankind. The pot is a God-given agency. They attach divinity to
the pot. If a woman leaves her pot at the well, it is a disgrace for she has forsaken God. When the pot is
broken, they use all the different sizes pieces: 1) Big piece used to carry fire from house to house (see
also Psalm 31:12); 2) Smaller pieces used as a drinking dipper at a pond or pool of water; and 3) Smallest
piece is used for medicinal purposes (potsherd).
"And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal." Pot useful for all good to mankind.
Stoning to death—the laws were given on tables of stone. If use stone—tell people, we're not killing
you, but the law against which you acted is killing you. Stones not used to throw at coconuts or animals
because that is sin. Used only for people who have sinned against the law.
Verse 12 Rent his mantle, sprinkling dust. To rent one's mantle is the symbol of inward anger or
sorrow. Sprinkling dust on head shows a willingness to die with another person.
It is also a symbol of burial; we would rather be dead, or die with this man. (in other cases, dust is a
sign of cursing). They were willing to die with him, showing their sympathy for him.
"Sprinkling dust." Everyone who dies goes to dust again. This means that "I am willing to die with
this man." Sprinkling dust is symbolic of willingness to die. (John 11:16—"We may die with him.") You
must demonstrate love by action. These mourners were demonstrating their love and concern by renting
the mantle and by sprinkling the dust.
Verses 12 and 13 See Judges 4:18.
"Knew him not"—they could not recognize him. "Mantle"—white cloth folded in four folds, worn
around the neck and hangs to the knees. "Rent the mantle" is an outward sign of inward anger and grief.
Renting clothes has no significance but only rending the mantle.
When Hindu is 12 years old, priest comes, places mantle over his head, gets under it, whispers a
prayer and puts a sacred thread along the side of mantle. The boy is now a priest, born again.
Three classes of Hindu are twice born, the fourth (working class) is not. The top three classes have
the sacred thread and the royal priesthood. To throw a mantle on someone is a call to the ministry and a
sign of authority.
"Sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven." This is significant of the fact that the mourners are
willing to die for Job. Symbolic of death.
They do not talk while eating. The head of the table may whisper. They stay their minds on God
and the food He has given with gladness and gratefulness.
"Sat days and seven nights." This is symbolic of sharing grief and sympathy.
"They lifted up their voice and wept...." Satan took all away from Job. Satan told God Job only good
because of what you gave him. I'll take it away—he'll curse you. God said all right—said Job was upright
man. Satan took all away from Job except his wife. Job in dust and ashes—grief. Friends came to
comfort him.
Verse 12: "Rent everyone his mantle" shows inward anger or sorrow. Only one piece of clothing,
not all their clothes. "Dust upon their heads." Let us be nobody, as dust gone to the sky. Expression of
sorrow for Job.
Verse 13: "...Sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights...and none spake a
word unto him...." In Eastern funerals silence shows grief. Able to keep quiet for a long time. "Hindus
don't talk while eating—concentrate on God and eat with thankfulness." Sat "seven days and seven
nights" and did not say a word. "In East, talk business before dinner, then eat together. Then what you
promised is solidified because of eating salt with meal."
"Rent every one his mantle." "Knew him not." Could not recognize him for he was in such a
miserable condition.
A mantle is like a stole (a long, narrow scarf fringed at the ends, worn by bishops, priests and
deacons of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. Dictionary.) Western word is stole, Eastern
word is mantle. It is a white cloth folded into fourths about five inches wide and four feet long, hangs
around neck and falls to the knees. To rent the mantle is to tear it into two pieces and throw it away. It is
an outward sign of inward anger or sorrow. Nobody rents clothes or garments. Also used as a call to a
Comforters coming to see Job. "Sprinkled dust" is a sign of mourning. I came from dust, and I am
willing to return to dust. Sitting down on the ground is a demonstration of grief. The wife walks after the
husband. To walk behind is a sign of respect.
Knew him not—rent his mantle—sprinkling dust on the head—sat down upon the ground.
After his crisis, Job's friends came to visit him. "Knew him not" means that they recognized how he
was already different by circumstances.
Every man "rent his mantle" is significant as an outward sign of inward anger and sorrow.
"Sprinkling dust upon their heads" was a sign of their mourning for him (I am only dust and willing
to be buried in the dust because of my sympathy for your crises).
"Sat down upon the ground" is a sign or demonstration of their grief. Seven days and seven nights in
silence? That is a demonstration of grief and sorrow. On the seventh day they left without saying a word.
We should endeavor to understand the Eastern customs and culture to understand the Word, i.e., wife
walking behind the husband, etc.
Verse 13 Sat on ground. Sitting on the ground is a sign of mourning. They did this seven days and did
not speak.
"Sat down with him upon the ground." When the mourners reached Job they sat down with him and
never said a word for one week. They did this to express their sorrow in his grief. Orientals are very
quiet and calm people (high class). Job was a Gentile. When people sit on the ground, it is a sign of
distress. When they are in distress, they sit down and put their head between their knees.
Verse 3 A man child is conceived born. This is prophetical from marriage that the couple will be
blessed with a male child. (This is God's blessing that was wished by the people at the wedding—first
child, a male!) The elders sit down and talk in the evening and decide and pray that the couple's first
child would be male. (They weren't always right). They announced this as authorities that night. Job
says here, "I wish I had never been born." Job was discouraged.
"Let the day perish wherein I was born." "...There is a man-child conceived."
"There is a man child conceived." Background: When man and woman married, don't come
together right away as husband and wife. Date fixed by priests—a week or ten days, depending upon the
stars. Coming together is in bride's home. Belief that if man child conceived at that time, it is a blessing
from God.
Come together in bride's home because parents are responsible for virginity of daughter. If she isn't,
he may divorce her immediately and sue the parents for damage, for the deception. Parents watch
daughter, sanctity of virginity observed more in East than in other parts of world. Parents must prove
daughter is virgin if son-in-law says she wasn't. Only way divorce is permitted in East. Adultery—no
divorce. No greater sin than unbelief. Only fornication which is relationship before marriage. Adultery,
sin of flesh—just must forgive. Sin is sin, no difference if large or small. Sin of flesh, just reconcile,
forgive and forget it, and not continue again. Only we attach importance to sins—all are against God.
"There is a man child conceived." If there is a man child born in the East, they make great
celebrations for him. If a girl is born, they don't make that much. Every man child is considered as God's
gift. A boy is a gift from God, a lamp from God. They believe in reincarnation that it takes many births
and deaths to get a son. (I Kings 15:4—a son to David is a lamp from God.) "Conceived" should read
"born." "The night"—the celebration is held at night.
Verses 20-21 Misery. When misery overcomes people through circumstances, they become bitter in
soul. They long for death, but they cannot accomplish it. They desire death so badly that they look for it
as one who digs for a treasure.
"Which long for death, but it cometh not...." People in misery will try to die like people who dig for
"hid treasures." But it doesn't come. Barren widows—despised, disliked and not wanted. They want to
These women not permitted to go to funeral or wedding—all secluded in one place. Supposed to be
cursed by God and therefore can't take place in any beautiful ceremonies (blessing turns into a curse).
Economically taken care of, but socially they are despised. They will start out walking thousands of
miles to holy places. They will beg food, sleep anywhere, forsake the things of this world and give their
properties to the temple. Make a real pilgrimage. Believe that if you die in a holy place you go to heaven
and don't have to come back again. They just say a prayer and drop dead. They feel that God despises
them because they have no children, and that husband dies because God forsakes the woman. The culture
makes the woman feel this way.
Verse 5 "Whose harvest the hungry layeth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns." How can you take
the harvest out of thorns? It is not fully explained here in the fifth verse. When they harvest on the
threshing floor, corn for example, they heap up the corn that has been cleared of chaff and they cover it
with thorns so that if a thief would come to get the harvest out of the thorns, he would get stuck by the
thorns. Watchmen were appointed also to guard the corn. This is what Job spoke of. Job was a wise man.
Verses 11-25 Confidence in God. Verse 22: In destruction and famine you shall remain unafraid, know
that God will take care of you. Assurance in God keeps you calm, quiet, restful, soiling, confident. If you
believe God's promises, you will have these qualities. "In quietness and confidence is your strength."
(Isaiah 30:15)
Verse 21: "Hid from scourge of tongue." Not influenced by gossip and accusations against yourself
because you ward it off with renewed mind.
Verse 23: Always have peace of mind. If not afraid, animals can sense it and will not attack.
Renewal of mind is as constant as breathing. (Hindus belief similar to Christian Science. If you are
awakened to the truth of your being, that is salvation. "Truth" is God in you. They equate truth with
Christ with God.)
Verse 18: We made ourselves sore and wounded by our own unbelief. He does not lead us into
temptation—we walk into it ourselves. God heals and makes whole.
Verse 14: "They"—the wicked. "Darkness in daytime"—difficulties are darkness, changing
thinking concerning them would be light. Even when things are going well, some people make it dark by
their negative thinking. You are no longer in the dark when you believe God.
Verse 13: If you are crafty, you are treated as crafty. You are taken by own action of craftiness.
Verses 22 and 23 Laugh at destruction and famine, confidence in God. When destruction and famine
can cause so much negatively, cause for complaining, how can you laugh? This is a man who trusts in
God, lacks fear and laughs at destruction when it comes. Because of total confidence in God, He will not
forsake this man. Confidence in God that when destruction and famine come, keeping eyes on God, God
will change the situation; this makes him laugh at destruction and famine. This helps avoid fright and
fear because they have confidence. Change of thinking and frame of mind changes the circumstances, as
does prayer. This enables us to be peaceful, content and to laugh. Change from materialistic to spiritual.
We could get discouraged and upset over changes of circumstances. This is why we cannot be conformed
to the world. We would also become discouraged.
As believers we can laugh (not much on this). Learn to thank God in all things. To do this one must
be in Christ.
Verse 4 "Arrows of the almighty are within me... poison whereof my spirit drinketh up...." In those
times the bow and arrow was the weapon for battle. Some of the arrows were poisoned and when the
arrow hit a person, the poison went into the system. That's what Job was speaking of when he said, "The
poison whereof my spirit drinketh up."
Verses 1 and 2 Desireth the shadow, hireling. Eastern farmhand looks at his shadow to determine the
time to quit and collect his wage. The later it becomes, the longer the shadow. In the East, the boss says,
"Do some more work." The laborer says, "Look at my shadow," the same as we would say, "It's after 6
Verse 2 They didn't have watches so when they work they look for shadow to indicate time to quit. As
the shadow lengthens the worker knows that quitting time is getting near.
"As a servant that earnestly desireth the shadow." In East workman do not have watches, so they
stand up and measure their shadow. By knowing the length of the shadow, they know it is time to quit.
This is why the workman desires his shadow. "And as an hireling that looketh for reward of his work."
Only the hireling will look for his shadow because he wants to quit, get his money and go. Also, the
Eastern man lives from day to day, he must go to work, get his money. Comes home at 5 or 6 p.m., gives
the money to his wife and she goes to the market. She buys the food for that night. She fixes the meal for
her tired husband and feeds him at 8 or 9 o'clock. That's why he anxiously watches his shadow, he must
be quick to get home and give the money to his wife.
"As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, and as a hireling looketh for the reward of his work."
No watches in the East, so when people work in the fields they watch the shadows. When it is long, it's
quitting time. Hireling looks for the shadow to get...long—quitting time. That's the time he gets his
money, his wages.
Verses 10-14 Rush, flag. Rush = wild grass. Mire = muddy land. Flag = wild grass which produces
nothing. Wild grasses do not last long. They die early. So is a person who forgets God. He has poor
roots. Everyone whose roots are not in God has poor roots.
Psalms says that the wicked shall grow like a green bay tree, which is any tree that grows and dies
quickly. His roots are in wickedness and not in righteousness. People who trust God are like the green
olive plant beside the rivers of living waters. Their leaves wither not and they are always fed by the
living waters. They are always hopeful, confident and trustful.
Verse 11 "Mire" means "muddy." "Rushes" grow in the mud. They belong to the grass family. The
rush cannot grow in any land unless there is muddy water.
The "flag" also belongs to the grass family. It is used in funeral services in the East. When the man
is dead, the body is buried and from that time on they have 21 days of mourning. Each day the son gets
this grass, or the flag, ties it up with the fourth finger and says a prayer for the person who is dead. The
flag can only grow in water like rice. You must have 1" of water when you plant the patty. The land
looks like a river. Patty is the rice with the brown thing on top. The flag is symbolic of the shortness of
life. A man goes quickly, dies quickly. It is green until it is cut, but shortly after it withers. The flag
shows that the man he is doing the mourning for was temporary too, just like the flag. The rush comes up
in the morning and dies in the evening, the flag also. As long as the son lives, on the day his father dies,
he has this ceremony.
Verse 14 "Spider's webs" are built in houses and places. Whenever there is a spider's web in a king's
palace, that means that kingdom is temporary. The king may die anytime and the empire may fall
anytime. The spider's web is symbolic of sudden destruction.
Verse 25 "Now my days are swifter than a post." What does this mean? What is a post? A post was a
trained runner. They could run so many miles in a certain time to send messages from one place to
another. They were great runners. Job says his days were swifter than a trained runner.
Swifter than a post. The "post" was the mail runner. People are trained to carry messages and run.
They run very fast. If someone dies in a family, there would be a need for a post to deliver the message.
Verses 31-33 In the Eastern towns there are three forms of government. 1) Elders of the gate (oldest
system) have a little office at the town gate. They are elected every three years for the people and by the
people. They sit at the gate in the mornings and hear all the quarrels of the people. 2) Federal court in the
middle of town selected by the political party of that country. 3) Daysman (most ancient of all). Job
9:31-33 speaks of the daysman. This means Mahatma or "great soul." His work is to the religious affairs
or disputes of the people. Because in I Corinthians 6:1-4 it says if any have a dispute with another not to
go before the court, but to settle it among themselves. So the religious people won't go before the
political government-but before the daysman or the elders of the gate. Why? If they go before the
political court and one is punished and sent to jail, it won't solve anything and when he returns from jail,
he will be mad and bitter. Instead man needs healing of heart. Cannot heal the wound of the heart by
putting a man in jail. The elders of the gate will pacify, swain, advise the people, plead to them and
change their hearts, reconciling them. A court won't change your heart. They will put you in jail and
embitter you.
Verse 32 "He is not a man as I am...." God is not a man that they could go before the elders at the gate
or have a daysman between them, to put his hand on their shoulders and reconcile them together.
No mediator between God and Job or man and God. But now we have a mediator, our Lord Jesus
Christ. He is our daysman, daystar, day spring. No other name given among man whereby man might be
saved, one name above all—Jesus Christ, our lord. Spiritually he can put arm around God and sinner and
say, "Father, I paid the price for his sins, paid his debt, and on the basis of my blood he is reconciled to
you." Jesus Christ never stops looking after us, nothing is impossible—all things are possible. A living
daysman—powerful and victorious!
Verses 32 and 33 Job says this in answer to his "friends" who came to comfort him after he had lost
everything. "If God had been a man as I am, we can come together in judgment" means if He was a man,
I could bring Him down before the elders of the gate to be judged as to why He did so.
We get our democratic form of government from India and the laws we're governed by come from
India also. India is a country of villages (750,000). Each village is self-governed, as is the state of India.
Each village elects elders, who sit in the gate of the city. They take care of the common occurrences
in the village, called "punchiate" in the Sanskrit. Means government of the people, by the people, for the
people. In Palestine called elders of the gate. This traveled around the Mediterranean, finally got to the
West and was known as democracy.
There are three systems of law being administered in each village:
1. The elders of the gate—democratic;
2. Police court—appointed by the government of the country—magistrate, political court; and
3. Daysmen.
If there is a case between two believers, they don't go to police court. They don't go to the elders of
gate, either. The elders or police court convict by documentary evidence, witnesses, and punish him by
The religious people generally don't go to these two. They believe if the guilty person is punished
you don't heal the wound—he'll become more bitter. Spite will come between the two of them.
Punishment is no solution. But winning, converting the wrongdoers is the solution. So, in each village
there is a daysman and his work in the village is to bring all the people there together as one people. He
doesn't believe in punishing the wrongdoer as the courts and elders do. He believes the wound of the
heart must be healed. Love heals—persuasion, graciousness, kindness. No one elects this man, neither is
he appointed. He springs up in each village of his own goodness, greatness, kindness, godliness. People
begin to recognize him as the daysman. Daysman means mahatma—great soul. Mahatma Ghandi was a
daysman and a politician.
Usually is a wealthy man, spiritually, financially, educationally, intellectually—in every way.
Highly respected and beloved man. Won't ask any names, sect, caste—not interested. Only interested in
human beings, love. He believes love conquers. Love alone can heal; This is his basic teaching and
philosophy. He speaks with grace.
Two families will take disputes to him. He offers them food and hospitality. Person who did the
wrong comes, sits on his right-hand side and the other sits on the left side. He has all kinds of religious
books on the table. All kinds. He puts his arms around them both and asks very lovingly what happened
once again. Law is not love. He will convince both of the guys, separately with much love. The fact that
this holy man shows so much love to each party melts their hearts. By the time he's finished, he has both
crying—touches their hearts. Gets them to kiss each other's feet—a sign in the East of confessing sin and
willingness to get right. He'll kiss your feet until you have forgiven him and vice versa.
That's not enough. You must not remember what has happened. All you shall remember is the love
between you, not the quarrel or the forgiveness, nothing but love. Become new friends. The daysman
will bring some food for the two to eat. It'll contain salt and as they eat they'll make the covenant of salt
with each other. Start afresh. Both will leave as friends. If it is over a debt, he'll remind the debtor to pay
his friend. The friend may not have it, so the daysman pays in his place. This pleases both parties. This
process may take two to three hours.
Spiritual application: If the matter is between man (man to man) there is a daysman, there is a court.
If the issue is between God and man, there is no way to bring Him down before a court or a daysman.
There is no mediator between God and man. Jesus Christ is our daysman, our mediator. He has paid our
debts, reconciled us with our Father, taken a covenant of salt with us, swaddled us spiritually, died on our
behalf. The daysman brings the people together in love.
Christ has many names—Daysman, Mahatma, daystar, day spring, Emmanuel, the I am, Alpha and
Omega and many others.
Daysman. There are three kinds of government in the East in each village. There are three systems
of administering law:
1. Elders of the gate. Government of the people, by the people, for the people (this idea originated
in India thousands of years ago. India is the "mother country" of the world. Sanskrit is the "mother
language" and runs through all other languages.) Elders of the gate were elected. They sat at gate of city
and took care of all minor offenses: disobedient children's parents, debtors, drunks, etc. They nip the evil
in the bud. Most ancient system of law.
2. Court, judges, magistrates, appointed by government of the country.
3. Daysman—neither appointed nor elected. Usually very educated and godly man. He springs up
from among the people. Very gracious and kindly. Interested not in the law of the land, but in the love of
the people. He is concerned that the court punishes the wrongdoer, but does not heal the wound of the
heart. The daysman is a reconciler. The name "daysman" is "mahatma" and means "great soul" (two
Sanskrit words). Many daysmen live in the village.
Job was probably a Gentile and was an upright man before God. The Devil tried Job and took all
that he had.
Verse 32: He = God. If the issue was between two men, it could be taken before the elders of the
gate for judgment. But, God is not a man.
Verse 33: If God were a man, there could be a daysman to work with them both. For example,
James owes John some money and refuses to pay, so John punches James in the nose and an argument
ensues. They take it to the Law only if the matter cannot be settled among themselves. They would
rather go to the daysman because he does not fine or punish, but he heals the heart. Daysman is very
hospitable. The daysman brings peace, punishment does not make peace. He has the Bibles of every
religion and deals with people according to what their religion is. He makes each party feel that the fault
was his. He tells John that he should not have lent the money, but rather he should have given the money
because it is God's in the first place. Furthermore, if God punched your nose for every little thing you did
to displease Him, would you have a nose left? The daysman takes much time in teaching. He makes each
party sorry. He tells James that John gave him money when he needed it. He tells James that he caused
his brother the discomfort of anger and asks if he would be pleased to give an account of himself to God
right now. The daysman has each party fall at the feet of the other and kiss his feet until forgiveness is
Kissing the feet is an Oriental custom for confessing sin and showing a willingness to reconcile.
Then daysman brings food for them which has salt in it. They take the salt covenant and promise to
forget what had come between them. The daysman would also give James money to pay John back.
Daysman. God is not a man that He could be brought before a judgment seat (verse 32). There are
three systems of government in the East (especially in India, Palestine and Egypt.) (Teaching is cut off—
see notes on another tape.)
A daysman is a man called "a great soul." Neither elected nor appointed, but he springs up by his
example of life, his business is to serve people. He is rich and wealthy man, he does not judge or punish
the wrongdoer.
Elders of the gate handle common offences and they are elected. Non-religious men go to the gate.
Religious man goes to daysman to be reconciled to another.
Kissing the feet is a way of asking forgiveness of another; then you forgive and forget. Then they
eat together and make a covenant of salt.
"Any daysman betwixt us...." Three systems of administering law in each town.
Judges—political party appointed.
Elders at the gate—government for and by the people, elected from village. Judge the small crimes
Daysman—neither elected or appointed. Rises up through own religion, piety, etc. Godliness is
influence—springs up as a man of God. Daysman is interested in everyone's welfare, loves everyone in
the community, doesn't walk conflict or court of law. He believes that if you go to court and one is jailed,
that that doesn't solve the problem. The man's heart remains the same. His work (the daysman) is to
change the heart of the person, which law can't do. The grace of God does it.
People who are very religious will never go to the federal court or to the elders of the gate. Because
they judge you according to the witnesses and can send you to jail.
Job of daysman is not to punish the wrongdoer but to reconcile the wrongdoer to the wrong. Men
sent to jail and they believe his heart does not change and when he gets out he will do a worse crime, just
for spite. Daysman to reconcile two men to live at peace with each other, to feel sorry for his bad deed.
Mahatma means "great soul," not an umpire, no enemies, loved by all. Not supposed to go to law
against brother. We should be able to settle differences between ourselves. Every village has a mahatma.
Example of two; one owes the other money. Daysman seats one on each side of him. Before him is
spread books from all religions—Hindu, Jewish, Bible. Then he asks what they are, asks to hear the story
from each one. Daysman will talk and show scriptures to each one until they can see that they are wrong
(each one) and begin to weep. A lot of love is shown to both by daysman. (Love saves a person, law
doesn't. No love in law—based on flesh, law cannot touch the heart.) Daysman has them share covenant
of salt to forgive, forget and cleanse incident from their minds. Share food together for salt covenant.
Then fall, kiss feet and forgive each other.
Kissing of feet—signifies that you are confessing your sin and are willing to be reconciled with
person you sinned against.
Daysman. Job was a man perfect and upright before God. But in challenge with the Devil, the Devil
took away everything Job had except his wife. The wife grumbled and said, "Curse God and die." Job
said, "Naked came I into the world, naked I return. The Lord giveth, the Lord taketh away. Blessed be
the name of the Lord."
His friends came to comfort him, but they were natural men and were unable to discern spiritual
things. They tried to talk Job out of believing in God. Job answered his friends here by saying in verse
32, "He, God, is not a man...."
In the East, there are several forms of government. Each village has its own rulership. The elders of
the gate judge the crimes of the city in one form of government. Another is judges appointed by the ruling
part of the country. Daysman is the third form.
If two Hindus have a problem they do not wish to go to the elders of the gate nor do they want to go
to the judge appointed by the party because their method is to judge a person by producing two or three
witnesses. On the face of the witnesses testimony, they then acquit or accuse the person, and fine and jail
him. Fining is not a solution. Going to court by religious Hindus is not practiced—only receive
punishment there. This will not heal your heart. Going to jail does not cure a disease or the bitterness in
the heart of a man. They go to the daysman, a man who rises up on the strength of his own character in
each community by his own piety, by his own godliness. He is neither appointed or elected, nor is he a
government man. He is a man of the people. His object is to see that every person in the community
must live in peace together. No person should have any animosity or bear any grudge against another or
have any anger against another. Everybody must be full of love for each other. This man tells people that
you can lead by love for the Lord, not by hatred. (Going to the law you are hated and not healed. Hatred
is only healed by the spirit, by love.) Daysman comes up with a view to teach people to believe together
in a community in harmony. Mahatma Ghandi was a "daysman." Daysman brings to the people the
wrong they are doing together by love. By love he heals the bitterness. Each village in India has three
forms of rulership. Daysman is loved and respected by all of the castes.
If there is a case where John owes Jim $10, always promising to pay Jim back but never doing it, Jim
gets angry and punches John in the nose one day. John's dad (religious man) says, "What happened to
you?" John explains that Jim punched him. Jim's family is religious too. Religious people do not go to
court (I Corinthians 6:1). The culture of the East is the Bible. The two dads get concerned. If they go to
the judge, they will be punished. Same happens at the elders of the gate. They decide to go to the
daysman. He won't fine or jail, he only reconciles. So they go there with their dads.
The loving daysman is there and welcomes them. He offers them food. (Asks no questions about
your caste or denomination.) The fact that you stand there before him means you are his friend. That is
the way he looks upon it. He always offers you something to drink. The dads tell the story to the
daysman. The man who did something wrong sits to daysman's right side, close to him. He asks Jim
what happened, Jim says, "John owed me money for a long time and never repaid me. I finally got angry
and socked him." Daysman says, "Did you get the money back as a result?" "No." Now the daysman
spends much time asking thoughtful questions; goes over what the Bible of his religion says. He'll say
things like, "If God punched you in the nose for every sin you have committed, would you have a nose
left?'' "No." "In the first place, you have no right to demand the money," says the daysman "because if
your brother is in need, stretch out your hand wide and give to him. That's what the Bible says. You
should give instead of lending. Does the Bible say anything about punching someone if they don't pay
you back?" Jim begins to realize how wrong he was. Jim's heart melts. He apologizes.
Then the daysman goes to John and begins a similar discussion. "Look here, your brother let you
have the money when you needed it, didn't he? Supposing you died and went to heaven and had to give
an account for all of your earthly doings, don't you think you did a crime against your brother? You
caused his anger...." The daysman uses scripture in support of his talk to John. He convinces John also
that he is in the wrong and both are wrong in the sight of God. John apologizes. Jim is told he is wrong
(in summary) on so many counts and is told to fall down and kiss John's feet.
Kissing the feet is an Oriental figure of speech meaning confession or sin (as the woman who
brought the alabaster box to the lord, Luke 7:37, and kissed his feet. This is why Christ said in verse 47,
"Your sins which are many are forgiven thee, go in peace." Yet she had said nothing about her sins.) Jim
continues to kiss John's feet until John forgives him. Then the daysman gets John to do the same for him.
Then they embrace, forgive and forget this event. Then the daysman brings some salted food out. The
two make statements similar to: "I will not remember anymore what happened, I will not be spiteful or
angry about anything, I will be a friend and brother forever, as this salt binds us." Then, John, you still
owe the money; when will you pay it? John says, "Well, I'll get a job soon. Maybe I'll have $10 soon."
The daysman takes out $10 and gives it to Jim, turns to John and says, "I will pay it and you owe me
nothing. Go in peace." The two are reconciled as if nothing had happened.
Most people in the East live in peace in the villages because of the daysman's work. Job was an
Easterner and said, (verse 32) "judgment" refers to the elders of the gate passing judgment. Job said, if
God were a man, I could bring Him with me to the elders of the gate to be judged, but He is in heaven and
I am here. I cannot bring Him down here for man's judgment. Neither is there any daysman between Job
and God who could lay his hand upon both of them. I sinned against God, yet God cannot be taken to the
elders of the gate. (Jesus Christ is our daysman who reconciles us to God as though we never sinned
before. Christ paid the penalty for our sins, the blood which he shed. So that blood takes care of all my
sin. Therefore, Christ tells God, "this man I died for him, too. His sins have all been paid for. Father,
accept him as your son." He advocates for us. So then the man accepts Jesus Christ as a personal savior
and gets born again, becomes a son of God, not on his own merits but on the merits of the daysman who
pays the debt for the man. There is nothing more to pay. Romans 8:1.)
Job was looking for such a daysman! Because the issue was between man and God, not man and
man. Today we do have a daysman. Jesus Christ brought us back, made me a son of God. If philosophy,
morals and ethics should save a person, then 390 million Hindus will be in heaven before any Americans,
because they are far more religious than we are as Christians. They want to live a perfect life before God
morally, and ethically, they try. But all our self-righteousness is a lie. Unless Hindus come through
mediator, daysman, Christ Jesus, they will never meet God. Christ has paid the debt, laid his hands upon
us both, so lovingly, has made the covenant of salt, who will never leave or forsake us, against whom the
gates of hell shall not prevail, neither shall any man pluck us out of his hand.
Job was a perfect and upright man. Satan wanted to challenge Job before God to see if he would still
be faithful to God when all of his family, possessions, etc., were taken from him. When he heard of the
death of his children and animals, his wife even told him to curse God and die. This is not the kind of
wife to have.
In 9:32 Job said that God is not a man that he, Job, should bring Him before the elders of the gate in
judgment for them to weigh the matter.
In verse 33, Job said that there could not even be a daysman between them. A daysman is a mediator
between two men. In every town and city there are two ways of judgment: 1) elders of the gate
(government of the people, by the people, for the people), 2) federal judge or magistrate appointed by the
government, and 3) mahatma ("great soul"), this mediator is called "daysman" in the Bible and is neither
elected or appointed. He is recognized as a holy man and is well-respected by everyone in the village.
He loves and serves all, regardless of caste. He reconciles the wrongdoer with the wronged. Punishment
does not save the man but only makes him bitter. The daysman has all the books from the major religions
and uses whichever one the parties involved believe.
He councils them and talks with such loving kindness that they will be weeping. He tells them of
their responsibility to make amends. (See a more complete teaching on the "daysman".) "Daysman" is a
very poor translation of this word for "mediator."
Daysman will pay it. Every village has a daysman. He gets no salary, no one pays him, he has
plenty of time. Usually a rich and holy man. Job was looking for the daysman, Jesus Christ our lord,
who died to save us; one who can reconcile us to God the Father, against whom he had sinned. I Timothy
There was no daysman then, but we have one now. God restored twice as much to Job as he lost,
because Job trusted God. Job 26:7.
Verse 33 Daysman. When two people have been at odds with each other and then they eat together, the
past must be forgotten. The daysman is a mediator between the two and causes each one to admit guilt
and ask forgiveness from the other.
JOB 12
Verse 5 Tabernacles of robbers. Robbers do not dwell in tabernacles, but in tents. "Tabernacle" should
be "tent." "Prosper"—there is wealth in their tents. "Provoke" should be "trust." How could anyone
provoke God and be secure? The Hebrew word means "trust" or "provoke." Must be translated according
to context.
Tents of robbers may have wealth but only for a short time. Those who trust in God, however, are
secure and God brings forth abundantly into their hand.
A worldly man has roots in himself rather than in God and is, therefore, unstable. (John 10:10)
People who try to get to God by some way other than through Jesus Christ make God angry. That is
why Jesus ran the moneychangers out of the temple. They were actually religious men but they were
trying to reach God by their own way and they rejected the way, Jesus Christ. As we trust God, He
blesses us abundantly in material things.
Verse 6 "There is wealth in the tents of the robbers, and they that trust God are secure; into whose hand
God bringeth abundantly." (Translation)
"The tabernacles of robbers prosper" but only temporarily, like a robber until he is caught. "And
they that provoke God are secure" or fearless. They speak fearlessly against God because they have no
conscience. "Into whose hand God bringeth abundantly." "Such people think their own strength is their
god." (That's Bishop's translation.)
JOB 14
Verse 21 Translation: "Even when his sons come to honor, he knoweth it not; and when they are
brought low, he does not know it."
JOB 15
Verse 10 It should be "...much older than thy father." "Gray headed" and "aged" means "much more
wisdom and understanding." "Much older" means their judgment is much better. In the East, anyone
who is older has more respect than a young fellow.
JOB 16
Verse 2 "Miserable" should be "troublesome."
Verse 4 "I also could speak as ye do: if your soul were in my soul's stead...." Translation: "I could also
speak as ye do if you were in my position."
Verse 5 Translation: "I was strengthened, by my mouth, by speaking words of comfort and cheer and
even if I don't say any words, I will strengthen simply by the movements of my lips."
Verse 6 Translation: "Though I speak, my grief will not be healed: though I do not speak, what
comfort there is to me?"
Verse 8 In the East, they look upon wrinkles and leanness as a sort of lack of faith. Even if a man is
rich and has all the food he wants, if he doesn't believe in God he will get wrinkles from worrying. If a
man has faith in God, he will be free from wrinkles and leanness.
I Timothy 2:9; Isaiah 3:16. Marriage (selection of wife). Marriage is by parent choice in the East.
When a wife is chosen, the ladies of the household go to the girl's house and ask her to walk forward with
glass of water to see how she walks. She wears many jewels on feet. Must walk with dignity, grace,
without an outstretched neck.
"Shamefaced " in I Timothy 2:9 should be "modesty with dignity and grace," making no noise with
jewels on feet. Another requirement is that she have no wrinkles on forehead. Wrinkles are sign of
worry, no trust in God. Christ presents us to God without spot or wrinkle.
Wrinkles, marriage customs. When a mother and father of a boy in the East look for a bride for their
son, they look for two things: 1) Ask her to walk to see how she does it with jewels, etc.; and 2) They
look for wrinkles on the forehead. Wrinkles are an outward sign of an inward distrust. She worried
because of her lack of trust in God. Wrinkles are a witness against her because she worried and insulted
God. In order to stay our minds on God, we remind each other of the power of God and we need to renew
our mind. Keep our believing in God and not in the world around us.
"Hast filled me with wrinkles." The person who worries much and has no faith in God will have
wrinkles on his face. When a boy is to be married (age 20,21; girl 16-19) a bride is chosen from relatives
by looking at family book. Write letter to girl's father who will invite boy's parents to come and see.
Boy's parents and some old ladies go to check her out. They ask her for a glass of water and listen for the
tinkling of jewelry as she walks. She should walk shamefacedly. Men sit in one room. Girl is in another
room with women. Look for dignity and poise and they check her forehead for wrinkles. Wrinkles show
lack of trust in God. If she holds her hand high, it is a sign of haughtiness.
See also Isaiah 3:16,17 and Ephesians 5:27.
"Hast filled me with wrinkles." Swaddling clothes are placed on the child starting with the forehead
and very cleverly wrapped around the body. This is done so that the child will be upright. Wrinkles are a
sign of inward lack of faith. If you are swaddled to be upright, then you won't have fear and worry.
Salted to be faithful to God.
Wrinkles on forehead—outward sign of inward lack of faith, trust. Denotes worry. God will present
us without spot or wrinkle.
"Filled me with wrinkles." Worry causes wrinkles, lack of trust in God.
Confidence in God. Job did not have so much patience all the way through. He complained,
grumbled, feared, accused God and man. But after all, eventually forgot self and looked to God and
prayed for his friends. Then God was able to help him. Must look away from problem and replace it with
positive thinking. Problem will dissipate.
"Wrinkles" come from not trusting God but worrying instead. A woman with wrinkles could not get
married. Worry is an insult to God.
Verse 10 "Smitten me upon the cheek." Means touched my cheek. See Matthew 5:39 and Luke 6:29.
Verse 14 Translation: "He causeth me to be crushed one after the other (trouble upon trouble), he
runneth upon me like a giant." "Runneth upon me like a giant" means "continually crushed by the great
one." Just cannot get out from under it.
Verse 15 Sackcloth of goat's and camel's hair is sewed by certain competent men. Those who sew
sackcloth have a menial job, just as those who make shoes are considered to have a menial job. Anyone
in the family who wants to indicate mourning, sorrow or humiliation will put on sackcloth. Like the
wedding robe, there is always a sackcloth robe in each family. It is handed down from generation to
generation. Sackcloth is worn from the waist down. Translation: "I have sewed my own sackcloth and
covered my shoulder, and have cast my glory in the dust." Job showed he had more humility and sorrow
than anyone else by sewing his own sackcloth and having it cover his shoulders also. In this case, he was
so low down and out that sackcloth was the only thing he had. That was his clothing also. "Horn" means
"glory." He cast his glory down to the dust.
Verse 17 Translation: "This hath happened to me in spite of there being no injustice in mine hands:
and while my prayer is pure."
Verse 18 Translation: "...blood, and let there be no shelter to my cry."
Verse 21 Translation: "As a man pleads for his friend, it would be good if there is a man who will plead
for a man with God."
Verse 22 Translation: "The end of my shortened years is coming, then I shall die."
JOB 17
Verse 1 Translation: "My breathing (or my life or my days) are nearing an end, the grave is ready for me."
Verse 3 Translation: "O Lord, take my (sins?) upon thy self and me my surety: for who else will strike
hands with me as my surety."
"Lay down now" means prepare it for me, arrange it for me (Bullinger says "appointed so, I pray").
Strike hands with me is an old Oriental custom which means surety. (Bullinger says this is the idiom for
making a compact.) This also means assurance, trustworthiness. If you say I'll give you a ride tomorrow
to here at 7:00 p.m., strike hands to make it surety.
Verse 6 Translation: "Thou hast made me a proverb among the people; and I become a disgust before
their faces." "Disgust" could be "offense." It means the people did not want to see him.
Tabret: "Byword"—a proverb, common saying, talk of town. "Aforetime I was a tabret," should be
translated, "and many people have spit on my face." Ridiculed. Tabret is not a good word here. Many
people have been spat upon by many people because of this unwanted person.
Verse 7 "Members" means parts of the body, hands, feet, legs, arms, etc. All my members are like a
shadow, they are so thin, so frail.
Verse 10 The Orientals, after talking awhile, never say I will go; they always say, I go and come. They
must say come with go because if they just say go, that is a bad omen to them. They may die, they may
never see you again, that is the meaning. Translation: "Now all of you go and come: there is not a wise
man among you all." He meant he didn't want to see their faces, but he was gracious in saying come.
The worst criminals say the same thing. They don't wish you bad.
Verse 11 Translation: "My days are past. The cares in my heart are broken off."
Verse 13 Translation: "If I wait, the Hades will be my house: I will make my bed in the darkness."
JOB 18
Verses 5 and 6 "The light of the wicked shall be put out." "The spark of his fire shall not shine. The
light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him." What does it mean, "the
spark of his fire shall not shine?" A spark is almost dead and it will not shine. "Candle" is "lamp."
JOB 19
Verses 13-21 Job's pity. It's a disease and is contrary to the will of God. Tap your own resources which
are from God.
Verse 15: Even servants turned away from Job because he was down and out.
Verse 16: Usually given instruction to servant by handclap. Many times poorer relatives are
servants. Then be friendly with him and talk to him rather than clap hands. Wealthy people just clap
hands at servant. Servants watch hands for instruction. Job was getting no response by hand or mouth.
Verse 17: Strange—abhorring, offensive, "and also it is offensive to my children who are born of me."
Verse 18: Despise—dishonor. All children in East honor all elders in all cases. To show disrespect
was very dishonorable.
Verse 20: "Skin of teeth"—gums. When talk about suffering all the time, you never get rid of it, did
not solve the problem. In Acts, the lame man at the temple gate was told by Peter to "look on us"—look
away from lameness and look on us. Lift your thinking. Change the center of it.
Verse 16 "Intreated" means begged or called. In the East, some of the masters don't talk to the servants.
They talk by their fingers, they clap hands and when the servant looks they use their fingers to tell what
they want. They stand with hands folded and look at the master's hands, not his mouth. They also speak,
but most of the time they clap their hands. They must always watch the master's hands because if they
miss an instruction, they can't carry it out and will get fired. It should read, "I beckoned my servant...."
Servants. (Psalm 123:2) The nobles of the East do not talk to their servants. They clap their hands.
The servants wait in every room at every entrance. The servant stands with loins girded, sandals on feet,
turban on head and arms folded. The servant always watches the master. Instructions are given with
clapping signals. Servants, when called by a clap, look to the master's hands, not to his face, for further
Jesus Christ is our master and our eyes should always be on him so that we can follow easily.
Job went so slow that even his servants would not listen to him. They did not heed his clapping so he
entreated with his mouth.
Verse 20 "Skin of my teeth" means the gums (background). He just barely escaped (spiritual
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh. Skin of my teeth. "My bone cleaveth..." means
extreme misfortune. An expression of extreme crisis. Just like John Noble told us yesterday, when he
was persecuted by the communists.
"Skin of my teeth," is another idiom. The gums is the skin. My teeth have been knocked out, Job is
saying. Only skin left. This shows complete failure. You are finished.
Verse 24 Palm leaves are for writing material. Leaves are about two inches wide, four to five feet long
and one eighth of an inch thick. Cut green leaves are soaked in water for three or four days. Then they
are white. Write with a "pen of iron" by impressing on white leaves. Put back in water and writing
becomes green. Never fades for thousands of years. Writing on paper does not last long. Job said he
wished his words could be graven with an iron pen (Job 19:24). In the East, when someone had
hardships, he wanted to write it with an iron pen as a warning. The warning would not fade away and no
worm would eat it.
If something is written with a pen of iron, it will remain forever. See also Jeremiah 17:1.
Verses 25 and 26 These words are found in Handel's Oratorio, The Messiah—these give the impression
that worms will destroy the body, yet the flesh shall see God. A better translation would be: "After my
body becomes frail and deteriorated, yet without my body shall I see God." This is in keeping with
remainder of scriptures which say that all shall be raised at the resurrection in new bodies and shall see
Southern India was the place where Christianity began in the Far East. St. Thomas came from
Antioch of Syria and brought the original message to them. Thus, much of their liturgy is still in the
Syrian language.
"Although my body is deteriorated yet without my flesh shall I see God." (Literal) After my skin
worms, after my body is buried in the grave, worms eat up the body. Yet, in my flesh, we'll have a new
body. Not of a body of corruptible flesh as we do now. We'll put on immortality.
Another translation: After I shall awake, though this body be destroyed, yet out of my flesh I shall
see God. (translation not named)
"Yet in my flesh shall I see God." From the Telegru Bible reads, "After my body becomes frail and
deteriorated, yet without my body shall I see God." This means that after the resurrection, he will have a
new body because it is without "my" body.
"Yet in my flesh shall I see God." This verse 26 should read: After my body becomes frail and
deteriorated, yet without my body shall I see God. After the resurrection he will have a new body so he
will be "without my body." First missionary to India was St. Thomas.
"...After my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God." Controversial: If worms
destroy this body, how can you see God with your flesh? Mistaken translation: Correction by Bishop
Pillai: "Though after my skin becomes deteriorated, yet with all my flesh shall I see God." Not saying in
my flesh, cause flesh gone. Means: When all rise from the grave, we put on new body, glorious body,
and in that body shall we see God.
Verse 26 Dr. Pillai not saying to adapt their culture, only telling so that you can understand the Bible.
Joseph and Mary espoused...before they came together. Just had not had intercourse, married, yes.
Therefore, no human father for Jesus.
Flesh. "When worms destroy my body after my skin becomes frail and weak, I will see my God
without my body."
JOB 22
Verses 21-24 Lay up gold, materialism. If a man acquaints himself with God, finds peace, seek the
Almighty, he will be built up, putting iniquity far from his tabernacle. Then shall he lay up gold as dust is
the impression of verses. Yet "lay up" does not mean to "store away." It means to "throw away."
Verses 21-25 "Lay up gold as dust." "The gold of Ophir." Ophir is a place where there is special gold.
Verse 23: "Tabernacles" in the Eastern terms means a man is the city of God, the place where God
dwells. Man is a tabernacle for the living God. "Iniquity" is our fear and our doubts, sinful negative
thinking, destructive thinking.
Verse 24: "Lay up" in the Eastern language should read "throw out, throw away." There is nothing
wrong with money, but we do not put our trust in it.
Verse 25: "Defence" should be "treasure, gold."
Verse 28: "Decree a thing"—God is backing up what we say.
Verses 21-28 Acquaint self with God and be at peace. When we acquaint ourselves with God, then we
lay up gold for ourselves in abundance. Then God affords us prosperity and defense.
Gold of Ophir—highest valued quality of gold. Ophir is the place where special gold is "thamgal" in
Sanskrit. Silver is strength.
Verse 28: God honors our decrees. We can decree anything according to his promises to us (perfect
health, prosperity, etc.). God is our wealth and strength and honors our decrees.
Verse 24 Translation: "Then shalt thou lay up gold in abundance, even the gold of Ophir as the stones
of the brooks." The gold of Ophir is the best gold. In his language it is "phangar." If they want to praise
anyone, they say he is just like "phangar."
Verse 25 The Almighty shall defend you when you have trust in him. Translation: "But the Almighty
shall be thy gold, and thou shalt have silver of strength."
Gold, silver. "Almighty shall be thy defense," should translate "defense" as "gold." "Thou shalt
have plenty of silver" means "the best silver," because God is thy gold and your best silver. This is not
literal about throwing away gold. It is a figure of speech meaning, "Don't settle on or depend on gold.
Have all your want, but don't depend on it. Materialism should not be trusted. Trust God and don't set
your heart on the uncertain riches. Don't be engrossed in wealth." Wealth may vanish one day. God
never will. Wealth has wings and at times just flies away. So have your wealth, strength, power in God.
These are our unbreakable riches.
JOB 24
Verse 10 "They caused him to go naked without clothing...." "Naked" to the Easterner means his coat
which he wears over his underclothes is taken away, he is not fully clothed. It is a disgrace to be naked in
a public place. The coat is used as a bail bond for a criminal. See also Matthew 5:40.
During the harvesting in the East, they do not harvest everything, they leave some behind. The poor
and helpless and the widows will come and gather up what is left behind. The gleaners are the ones who
come to gather up what is left behind. The corn is put together in a bundle called a sheaf. The wicked
people will take away this sheaf from the hungry. In the East, any man is entitled to any other man's food
when he is hungry. A thief would take four or five sheafs of corn while a hungry man would take only
what he needed to eat. The Eastern people believe that what you have belongs to him. If he is hungry,
then you are hungry. In the East, a coat and cloak go together. You put on a cloak and then you put on a
coat on top of it. No man goes out without a coat. They do not walk with only a cloak. (Matthew 5:40.)
You wouldn't go out without both, so don't expect hints.
Verse 20 "The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no more
remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree." This is a proper Oriental idiom. Most of Job's
statements are Oriental idioms. "The womb shall forget him" means about a man who is wicked; the
mother will forget him. "The worm shall feed sweetly on him," "He shall be no more remembered"
should read "the wicked (not wickedness) shall be broken as a tree." These are all the consequences of
the wicked. The mother shall forget him. The Easterners believe there are worms in the live body and
they are always eating away, then when the body goes to the grave, the worms finish up what is left.
When people argue they might say, "Oh, the worms will feed on you sweetly and you'll be dead soon."
Or they might say, "May the worms increase in your body." The wicked man by unjust means may
prosper for a time, but this will be his end condition. Righteous people will prosper, live long, but the
wicked shall prosper like a "green bay tree." (Psalm 37:35) What is a green bay tree? It is not a
particular tree, it is a term referring to a tree growing in its own ground. It grows quickly in its own
ground. A wicked man gets his riches quickly, but he is not blessed by God, thus his prosperity will not
Verse 21 "He will entreateth the barren that beareth not, and doeth no good to the widow." Idiom—not
much to it. Barren women are not very much respected. God has not blessed their womb. People don't
like her very much, especially a widow. They are not respected. Children are looked upon as a blessing,
as an inheritance from the Lord.
Quiver is full of them—sons—arrows. Sons likened to arrows. Sons speak to enemy at gate to
defend father. Relatives will treat him well, but not outsiders. Barren women—not blessed of God, why
she has no children. Widow—God has forsaken her, why she lost her husband. They can be treated with evil.
A woman in the East who does not bear children is looked upon as a barren woman. She is not
treated very well by the people. They say that God has not blessed her. They believe that she must have
committed some sin in her last reincarnation. She does not enjoy the privileges of a woman who has
children. A woman who does not bear children is not permitted to take part in wedding ceremonies.
They think that if this barren woman takes part in the wedding, then the bride will not bear children. The
curse of the barren woman would be upon her. In the marriage in India, there is a holy fire there. The fire
is made with the twigs from the mango tree. This fire burns during the marriage as a symbol of the
presence of God. In this way, every promise that the bride and groom make is made in the presence of
God. In this way, God is a witness to their promises. All the widows at the marriage must sit in one
corner. Their shadow is not permitted to fall upon the bride and bridegroom. All the barren women sit in
another corner. The other guests will walk around the fire seven times.
Verse 7 "He stretched out the north over the empty place and hangeth the earth upon nothing." There
isn't much of an Orientalism in this verse, but Bishop says there is a tremendous spiritual application. If a
man has nothing and no job, he thinks that the God who made the world to hang upon nothing will also
provide for him out of nothing. It is an idiom. God will make a way when there is no way.
JOB 27
Verse 16 "Prepare raiment as the clay." Eastern people save not only silver and gold, but also raiment.
Their clothing is very costly and they preserve them. They are kept in trunks made of clay.
Verse 23 Clapping means applauding and also being glad at someone else's misfortune. Clapping hands
and stamping feet means you are glad someone else had trouble. Symbolic of wickedness. Hissing at
someone is like a snake. They try to drive him out of his house, so he stays away.
JOB 29
Verses 1-17 Verse 3: By the light, he was able to go through his darkness.
Verse 6: When I washed my steps with butter. Butter should be "ghee," ghee is clarified butter.
This means there was an abundance of butter. "The rock poured me out rivers of oil." Oil is very
precious from green olives. They would take the ripe green olives, hew out a hole in a rock and use
smaller rocks to crush the olives and the fresh green oil pours out. It is used for anointing purposes. He
had plenty of ghee and plenty of precious oil. It states his prosperity. Nothing lacking. Overflowing
abundance of everything.
Verse 8: "Aged men arose." Elders of the gate, to "hid" is a term showing respect. Young hid themselves;
elders of the gate stood up for Job. He was a wonderful man of peace and charity.
Verse 9: When the princes saw him, they refrained from talking; respect out of love.
Verse 10: Nobles held their peace and their tongues cleaved to the roof of their mouths because they
were awe-struck before Job.
Verse 11: A little mixed up in translation. It means when the people heard him, they blessed him
and when they saw him they witnessed verbally what a great soul he was.
Verse 14: Should be righteousness was my clothing. He did righteousness continually.
Verse 15: He did all he could for the blind and the lame.
Verse 17: "Brake jaws of wicked"—he kept an eye on them.
Verse 18 Nest = body. Job was speaking about the immortality of the soul. "Die in my nest" means
when I leave this body. I will be as immortal as the swan. Swan is a type of immortality. If we put a
bowl of milk and water mixed before a swan, it has the ability to separate the bill from the water and
drink only the milk. It is symbolic of knowing the will of God from the will of the flesh.
"Die in my nest" means they will live forever. Sign of long life.
Verses 19-25 Verse 19: That means his farming was prosperous.
Verse 22: After he have his judgment, no one ever questioned the decision. They accept it, receive it.
Verse 23: As they waited for the rain, they waited for him.
Verse 24: If he laughed, they felt they must remain very serious and they would not laugh back
because they were not equal. They kept on looking at him admiring his countenance.
Verse 25: He told them what to do, he was chief among them, chief as of an army. Job 29 was the
account by Job of his life and walk before he had all his problems.
JOB 30
Verse 10 They have a proverb that says don't hit the man that is down. This should not be "spit in my
face," but "before my face." It means they are not embarrassed to spit before my face.
JOB 31
Verse 16 It means if I did not do what the poor asked of me. "...have caused the eyes of the widow to
fail." This is an Oriental saying. A widow may come and ask something of you and they keep looking at
you and expecting it. If you tell her to come tomorrow and keep putting it off and she keeps coming
back, they say you are causing her eyes to get rotten.
Verses 16 and 17 Hospitality to stranger and poor. If the poor came to him and asked for a desire of
their heart, he did not refuse them. He helped the widow in need. Easterners look upon widow with great
courtesy and concern. God promises a good reward for it.
Verse 17: Easterners do not eat alone, but go out and beg a stranger to eat with them. Most look to
meet needs of needy-seeking first the kingdom of God. Look to meet needs of others first. Job was just
talking about his life. Easterners go out of way to help the needy. There is a village common with well.
If no room in inn, people go to this place and eat what they have with them. Often Easterners will go here
to find guests to eat with them. They beg them to come "so God will give them a blessing." Feed supper,
give bed, breakfast, etc. Keep constraining to stay as long as he will. Easy to live off the hospitality of
the people. Only way for us to glorify God is by our fruit of which one is love. Love will cause us to do
anything and everything, whether they deserve it or not.
Verse 17 Every time an Oriental eats food, he wants someone else to come and eat with him. They
never eat alone.
"I have eaten my morsel myself alone." High class Hindus don't eat until they have invited some
stranger to eat with them. You bring in guest and serve him first.
"Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof." Bishop's mother
always invited someone to eat, not with her, but before her. Job is making the same statement. The
Hindus believed that you are saved by your hospitality and good works. Job never ate any food without
inviting some orphan to join him or precede him.
"Eaten my morsel alone." Refers to inviting guests to a meal before they will sit down and eat.
Eaten my morsel myself alone. Fatherless have not eaten thereof. He did not eat his food alone
because, among the well educated and religious people, they must feed someone else first. This is what
they consider to be seeking the kingdom of God first. The "fatherless." He called the fatherless to eat
with him first. This was what Job was doing.
See Genesis 19:1-8
Verse 32 Background: In the center of every village, there is a place set up for strangers, slats made of
cement, at about 6:00 it gets dark and travelers come and stay in the village center. They wash up and eat.
The people of the village will come and bow down and invite them home to supper. They will give the
stranger place to stay for the night and then if he is of the same caste, they will press him to stay on and
on for it is a privilege to serve him. They feel they must serve and love men that they see to serve God
whom they haven't seen.
"Opened my doors to the traveler." He invited home the people who were in the village common.
There may be several guests at one time.
The guests are given water to wash their feet and are given a tour of the house so that they may see
every room in the house. The host will say, "All that I have shown you is yours as long as you stay in my
home." The host does not know the man's name or where he came from, or his religion. We are
suspicious in the West so we must know these things. We say, "If you don't belong to us, we don't want
you." In the East, "as long as you are standing on two feet, you are my guest."
"The stranger did not lodge in the street; but I opened my doors to the traveler." Street means park
or village common. It is a place in the center of town, a few trees, water well, a few seats where the
traveler can go. When the travelers go there, villagers will beg them to come and stay with them.
"Lodge in the street." Street here should be village common.
Stranger did not lodge in the street. America is the most hospitable country in the Western world.
Almost every Eastern country is hospitable. People in the East believe that if they give a person some
water that they are giving to God. (Matthew 25:35-39) Eastern people love to serve somebody. They
never want you to leave. The more a man stays, the better than can serve the man, serve God. American
hospitality is material. Eastern is spiritual. This is any other country; people take advantage of the
hospitality of the people. In the center of each village there is a park and people who travel by donkey, ox
cart and camels cannot travel after 6 o'clock so they stay in that park or the village common. The Word
says "street."
There is a place for travelers to get water, some shade, some benches. The travelers stop to freshen
up, prepare their food, etc. Hindus cannot eat their food until they feed somebody that was a stranger
after constraining, one man responds. The stranger gets his feet washed at the door, has his body
sprinkled with perfume and gets food, gets put to bed, etc. Then they try to keep them staying there.
Jesus told his disciples, Luke 10:7, not to go from house to house. "The stranger did not lodge in the
street" means that Job's doors were opened to the traveler to the end that Job got them immediately when
they arrived so he could not lodge in the street.
JOB 32
Verse 4 Respect of elders. Elihu waited until his elders had spoken first. Elders always have priority, no
matter what ages are involved.
Verse 19 Wineskin; literal from Sanskrit. "My mind is like the wineskin that is open. It is ready to
burst like new wineskins." Why should new wineskin burst? Only old wineskins burst if new wine is put
in them. New ones are made of tanned goatskin, tied up in sun. If left too long in sun, they burst. Mind
which is open only with Word is positive and strong. Mind which is open to negatives is unstable.
JOB 40
Verse 15 "Behemoth" means a river horse (sea horse), a hippopotamus (Bullinger agrees with this). In
this verse, God is comparing Job with the river horse. The Hindus believe that God dwells within people
about four inches above their naval.
Verse 17 "Sinews of his stones." This means the nerves of the thigh.
JOB 41
Verse 24 "Nether millstone." This is the lower millstone. The two are held together by a peg. A man
can pawn the upper millstone, but the pawn broken must return it before night fall if the man pays or not.
Same with mantle.
JOB 42
Verses 10 and 11 "And the Lord turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends." "Then
came there unto him all...." All these people had considered Job as good as dead, because he lost all he
had, he had sores upon him, etc. When Job stopped praying and worrying about himself and started
praying for someone else, Job's situation did an about face. Start praying for others and at the same time
your problem will disappear. "They bemoaned him;" they talked about all he had gone through.
"Comforted him" means they told him to cheer up, the Lord will bless you. They all gave him money and
gold to show their hospitality, love and concern. Their love was infectious. We should be that way.
Verse 11 Funerals. People came to comfort Job as if at a funeral. But at their funerals the people bring
more than words. They bring material things to help him get back on their feet. We just say that we'll
pray for a person. We often hide behind prayer rather than helping a person with material things, time,
etc., when he needs them. Everyone must share of himself and what he has. Can't warm self at public
fire in East without putting sticks on it.
Verses 13-15 Their father gave them (daughters) inheritance among their brethren. In the East, the
father had to divide his property among his sons (by law it was required, while he was alive). That's why
in the "Prodigal Son" the son could ask what he did. Just as the Prodigal son, so we as children of God
don't have to beg God to give us something. We claim what God has given us—it's our birthright. All
things are yours, you are Christ's and Christ is God's. The whole universe belongs to us as God's children.
We need only claim our birthright—claim our inheritance from God. It's all here for us! We don't have
to beg God for these, they're all pushing themselves to us. (Deuteronomy 28:2; Matthew 6:33) Look to
God and claim your birthright our inheritance which was given to us by grace. We become heirs to all
God's creation. Our Father knoweth what we have need of before we ask. We need not beg—CLAIM IT.
Prodigal son said, give me, it was his legal right. We just take it! The eldest son gets a little more of the
inheritance than the rest of the men in the family because the rest of the family will be under him upon his
Father's death. The women get nothing. Only sons get inheritance. Even after the giving of the
inheritance, the mother and father still the heads of the household until their death. No one lacks
anything. The sons and their families will go and live with their father and support them. If the sons
wanted to sell their land, they'd need to go to the father and check first. The eldest son takes care of the
family upon his father's death. He supports his sisters and family. He secures the dowry for his sisters,
etc. He finds them husbands. Every year the girl comes home and stays in the father's home for three
months. She and her husband don't do a bit of work. They're taken care of by the parents. When they go
home, they take enough food for the next nine months. There aren't any poor widows among the Hindu's.
They're always provided for. Daughters don't get any property, but are sustained by their protector (father,
son, etc.) Everything is taken care of—from food to money.
Verse 15 In the East, daughters don't get a share of the inheritance of the father. If a man has two sons
and two daughters, the sons get the property. The daughters get married at the expense of the father and
they get so much money given to them and they go home with their husbands; but every year as long as
they live, they come home to the father. If there is no father, to the brothers. They stay with their fathers
three months without doing any work, without giving any money. When they go back to their husbands
home, they take enough food for nine months, the rest of the year. The girls never get a share of the
property because they get much more by the time they are finished. Job broke the law.
Inheritance. Job got the best looking daughters because God gives the best. Job was a Gentile. If a
man has two daughters and two sons, as soon as sons are about 18-21, they can go to father for
inheritance. Older son gets a little more. Father must give it to them then. Daughters do not get a share.
The older brother educates sisters and takes care of them (marriage, dowry, gets husbands) at his own
expense if father is dead. If older brother dies, they go to younger. After married, every year come back
to visit older brother for three months. Then take back enough to last rest of year. Sisters are actually
better off than brothers. They receive jewels which are their own property and no one has right to touch
them, not even husband. Hindus take good care of their women—no work, they live off brothers for rest
of life. Other easterners do not live off their brothers forever. Job broke law and gave his daughters
inheritance, too, along with their brothers.
He has seven sons and three daughters. "And their father gave them inheritance among their
brethren." During the honeymoon period, the son, say he lives in Spencerville, Ohio and the girl is up in
Chicago. They will travel up and down, say boy's home for two months then two months in her home.
They will only eat in their parents' home, no one invites them for meals outside home and family. The
last of honeymoon (Bishop only use this word for our sake, they don't call it a honeymoon in the East)
they spend in girl's home, then when it is over he wishes goodbye to his wife and to all who were at his
wedding, the ten virgins, etc. the best man, all relatives, it's a great day, very ceremonial when the
bridegroom wishes goodbye to his wife for awhile. The wife stands in front of the bridegroom and his
best man and all the relatives and virgins are around. Groom then makes public statement to wife, "Let
not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me...I go to prepare a place for you...I will
come again...that where I am, there ye may be also." John 14:1-4. Jesus said that and the easterners said
it long before that. "And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know." Why? Because during the
honeymoon period they have traveled back and forth from her house to his house. In John 14:5, that's
why Thomas said unto the lord, we know not whither thou goest, and how can we know the way? In the
East, the son always lives with his father, whether he is married or single. They live in little apartments
or mansions within the father's home. When the groom returns from preparing a peace, he will take the
wife back to their own little mansion within his father's house.