Verse 13 Salt (from encyclopedia). Sodium chloride—NaCl.
Salt occurs in the sea, in natural brines and in the crystalline form, as rock salt. Its most abundant
source is the ocean. All the salt in the sea is 4,500,000 cubic miles. Natural (commercially important)
brines are found in India, United States, Dead Sea and elsewhere.
The Dead Sea, which covers an area of about 340 square miles, contains approximately
11,600,000,000 tons of salt and the River Jordan, which contains only 35 parts of salt per 100,000 tons of
water, adds each year 850,000 tons of salt to this total.
Certain natural brines occurring in England and in the United States are of interest, not only from the
economic point of view, but also because they contain salts not usually found in brines such as the
chlorides of barium and strontium. In the U.S., they occur in the Ohio valley district of West Virginia and
in Ohio at depths ranging from 1,100 feet to 1,600 feet (Pomeroy, Ohio; Malden, WV).
Rock salt occurs abundantly in rocks of all ages. All important rock salt deposits originated from the
evaporation of sea water at some time during the geologic past.
Salt is used universally as a condiment and preservative. It is employed in meat packing and fish
curing, in the dairy and pickle industries, for salting cattle and curing hides and as a brine for
The production of salt is one of the world's most widely distributed mineral industries. U.S. is the
largest producer.
Indeed, where men live mainly on milk and flesh, consuming the latter raw or roasted, so that its
salts are not lost, it is not necessary to add sodium chloride, and thus we understand how the Numidian
nomads in the time of Sallust and the Bedouins of Hadramut at the present day never eat salt with their
food. On the other hand, a cereal or vegetable diet calls for a supplement of salt and so does boiled meat.
Leviticus 2:13:
And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt
of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer
As covenants were ordinarily made over a sacrificial meal, in which salt was a necessary element,
the expression "a covenant of salt" (Numbers 18:19) is easily understood; it is probable, moreover, that
the preservative qualities of salt made it a peculiarly fitting symbol of an enduring compact, and
influenced the choice of this particular element of the covenant meal as that which sealed an obligation of
fidelity. Hence, the Greek-phrase "to transgress the salt" and meal, the Arab phrase "there is salt between
us," the expression "to eat the salt of the palace" (Ezra 4:14 R.V.) and the modern Persian phrase "untrue
to salt" (i.e., disloyal or ungrateful) and many others.
Salt and incense, the chief economic and religious necessaries of the ancient world, play a great part
in all that we know of the ancient highways of commerce. Thus, one of the oldest roads in Italy is the
"Via Salaria," by which the produce of the salt pans of Ostia was carried into the Sabine country.
Herodutus' account of the caravan route uniting the salt oases of the Libyan Desert makes it plain that this
was mainly a salt road, and to the present day the caravan trade of the Sahara is largely in salt. The salt of
Palmyra was an important element in the vast trade between the Syrian ports and the Persian Gulf, and
long after the glory of the great merchant city was past "the salt of Tadmor" retained its reputation. In
like manner, the ancient trade between the Aegean and the coasts of southern Russia was largely
dependent on the salt pans at the mouth of the Dnieper and on the salt fish brought from this district. The
best salt mines of northern India were worked before the time of Alexander. The economic importance of
salt is further indicated by the prevalence down to the present day of salt taxes or of government
monopolies. In Oriental systems of taxation, high imports on salt are seldom lacking and are often carried
out oppressively with the result that the article is apt to reach the consumer in an impure state largely
mixed with earth. "The salt which has lost its savour" (Matthew 5:13) is simply the earthy residuum of
such an impure salt after the sodium chloride has been washed out.
Cakes of salt have been used as money; e.g., in Abyssinia and elsewhere in Africa and in Tibet and
adjoining parts. (See the testimony of Marco Polo and Sir Henry Yule's note on analogous customs down
to our own time, in his translation of Polo ii, 48 et seq. The same work gives interesting details as to the
importance of salt in the financial system of the Mongol emperors, ii, 200 et seq.)
In the Roman army an allowance of salt was made to officers and men, from which in imperial times
this salarium was converted into an allowance of money for salt.
See also: Ezekiel 16:4.
"With all thine offerings thou shalt season with salt...." More widows in India—when married, share
covenant of salt. Don't remarry because of salt. Women love with one man by a covenant of salt.
(Marriage ceremony lasts ten days.) Man—all that I have promised during last ten days, I'll never
break—so help me God. The girl, the same. That is reason for no divorce. Binds them to God. To
East, Bible is way of life. Americans not spiritual, not way of life yet.
Verses 1 and 2 "...Then she shall be unclean seven days; according to the days of the separation of her
infirmity...." Woman kept apart, in separate room, even children not permitted to be with her.
Verses 3 and 4 "...continue in the blood of her purifying three and thirty days." For man child, 40 days
Verse 5 "...bear a maid child...unclean two weeks...." For a girl, total of 80 days.
Verses 6-8 "...when days of her purifying are fulfilled...." Get offering, if unable to afford a lamb, could
bring two pigeons or two turtledoves.
Verses 23-25 "...three years shall it be as uncircumcised unto you...." God telling Israel— fruit
uncircumcised—not to be eaten. Mangos, in India, national fruit, plant tree, not eat fruit for three years.
Like apple tree in U.S. Fourth year, fruit to God. Fifth year, you may eat. Fruit will increase and make
you prosperous. Part of God's law. For Eastern people, culture does not necessarily apply here.
Example: West, marries a second time. Christian people not under law but under grace—applies to those
who are not saved. Jew or Gentile, it's their way of life. It is there for our understanding. Why I teach
you, so you can understand.
Point is: Circumcision on eighth day—holy unto the Lord. Fruit, first three years, fruit not holy.
God says so, like unholy, uncircumcised people. All that we grew, God gave to us, should dedicate to
God, if we don't will be uncircumcised to us. We Christian people give thanks, and hand it over to God.
Give thanks, for all things are sanctified for us by the Lord. To Jew, only some things are clean. Peter—
told by God what He had made clean. Everything is blessed of the Lord for us. We live by grace through
faith (believing). In East, they still live under the law. We are above the law, we are sons, not servants.
What Father gives His children is blessed.
Verse 26 Not eat anything with blood. Not touch blood of anything, blood has the life. "Enchantment,"
when lose something get holy man and then call on god to tell who took it. We look to the Lord, don't
depend on world—devil for the knowledge—God gives us word of knowledge. Because He is in us,
gives us wisdom and discerning. Lean on God, and He'll tell you what is what. Don't depend on arm of
flesh. "Observe times"—moon, days, times—don't do things according to times and hours as they do in
East. Won't do some work during certain hours. Good and bad fortune: we have all good—everything
God does is good. Lean on Christ, not times or stars, all our times are good because lean on God. He
governs everything.
Verse 27 "Ye shall not round the corners of your heads..." Men have long hair, shave only one part of
head. "Mar the corners of thy beard," shave off a little in the middle. Should be straight. No razor in
Pagan gods. People who worship marred, act like gods are, shave hair and heads; people act wise.
Some idols — face of man and body of a woman; some idols—woman' s face, man's body—where get
that a woman should not wear man's clothing. Only those who worship those gods would wear that kind
of clothing. God saying, don't follow any other god or idol; no god beside me, only living and true God.
Spiritual application: not to follow the matters of this world, the styles of world, the god of this
world, the systems, unless in accordance with the Word and will of God. Separate people, royal
priesthood, peculiar people that do things that Lord God will like. There are even pagans here in U.S.
Verse 28 "Ye shall not make any cutting in your flesh for the dead...." When person died, body taken to
grave, husband would take knife and scratch self to drain blood to demonstrate love for the dead person.
Or person is very close or loved. When husband, burning—burn bodies because they don't like to think
about it rotting and worms eating it. Pour ghee—clarified butter on body by son—burns better. Then the
son goes away. Wife becomes hysterical, men holding her so she won't jump into fire. Sometimes
(seldom) does she jump. She is never tied to funeral pyre. If dies with husband, go to heaven together.
Hindus believe reincarnation, spirit go into another womb, born again almost the same day. If jump, and
dies with husband, you don't come back anymore. If die in battle, go to heaven directly. We should not
despise any culture, get the light and see how applies to us. "Nor print any marks upon you; I am the
Lord." Means tattoos. Had tattoo to remember people. Isaiah 49:16. God says, "...have graven thee
upon the palms of my hands, thy walls are continually before me." Very painful for tattoo on hands, God
loves us that much that He has us there; can always see palms. Always before God's eyes.
Verses 32 and 33 "Hoary" to the Easterners means "grey head." When they are sitting down and a man
with grey hair passes, they rise because they also think a man with grey hair has wisdom. They respect a
man with grey hair. The Eastern people also have respect for old men even if they don't have grey hair.
Instead of "vex" it should be "do not block his progress."
Verse 40 Goodly trees means the best trees. Boughs means branches. "Thick" should be "flourishing."
Verse 43 They live in these boothes for seven days as a memorial of how they lived coming from
Verses 1-4 "Oil olive beaten." This means beaten olive oil. The olive oil comes from crushing olives
on a rock. Pure oil, fresh oil, green oil is from unripe olives used for anointing just crushed. Verse 4:
Candlestick is a Western idea, candles originated in the West. This should read "a lamp stand." There is
a stand made of brass which is filled with olive oil and wicks are placed in different places on it (there are
as many as 7 or 14 wicks on one stand). There is a lamp burning all the time in Eastern home as a symbol
of the presence of God. Where the lamp is, God is.
Wick is made of flax or cotton wool. When oil runs out, the wick starts burning and stinks. It is the
duty of the woman to keep the lamp filled. A lazy woman will not refill the lamp, but rather just quench
the wick by knocking off the ashes.